By Marjolijn Verspoor, Kee Dong Lee, Eve Sweetser
The elemental guiding principle of cognitive linguistics is that each linguistic expression is a construal relation. the 1st element of this quantity makes a speciality of problems with such construal and presentation of knowledge, together with figure-ground kin, image-schematic buildings, and the function of syntactic buildings in info structure.In sections and 3 papers are awarded on cross-categorial polysemy among lexical and grammatical makes use of of a morpheme, and among varied grammatical senses, and at the courting among past lexical senses and later grammatical ones.
The ultimate part of the quantity brings jointly stories which shed extra mild on transitivity and argument constitution. The examine of transitivity inevitably involves exploration of the connection among syntactic structures and the pragmatics and semantics conveyed by means of such constructions.
As an entire, this choice of papers provides new proof at the complexity and motivation of the mapping among linguistic shape and serve as and gives a wealth of recent instructions for learn at the development of which means at each point of the sentence.
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Additional resources for Lexical and Syntactical Constructions and the Construction of Meaning: Proceedings of the Bi-annual ICLA Meeting in Albuquerque, July 1995
Nevertheless, construal transformations play an important role in some clearly "linguistic" phenomena. g. g. "through"). 3. Tracing Polysemy to Internal-Viewpoint Transformations 3. 1. Polysemy of through-phrases As an illustration of the complex interaction between construal transformations and the objective scene, consider the various legitimate ways to interpret the event de scribed in sentence (1). (1) Lucy ran through the house. 1. Out-in-out path The simplest option is to adopt a fairly stable external vantage similar to my ca nonical God's-eye view of the house, and imagine Lucy entering the front door and disappearing from view for a while, then reappearing as she emerges out of the back door.
Through is simply vague as to the location of its path's endpoints, but our construal of the LM imposes a more detailed interpre tation. The polysemy is not exactly "located" in either the preposition or the LM, but it arises from their syntactic combination under a particular pragmatic construal of the LM. 3. J. 3. Subjective effects The semantic details of through's interior-path variants reflect the relatively re duced status of the path's beginning and end points, and the correspondingly in creased salience of its continuous interior portion.
In particular it needs to be noted that everything has pertained solely to static spatial descriptions. Even when we were discussing paths with through and around, the construal transformations themselves applied only to the stable LM (the house), not to the paths themselves. The next obvious step, and the one that looks most promising, would be to extend the discussion to second-order LMs that have an inherent sequential (temporal) dimension as well as the spatial ones, making poor Lucy go through things like obstacle courses, divorces, life, and boring linguistics articles.
Lexical and Syntactical Constructions and the Construction of Meaning: Proceedings of the Bi-annual ICLA Meeting in Albuquerque, July 1995 by Marjolijn Verspoor, Kee Dong Lee, Eve Sweetser