By Tim Rayborn
The idea of Christianity as a faith of peace was once critically verified through the center a long time, while killing within the identify of God grew to become a sanctified act. during this booklet, Tim Rayborn lines the improvement of the early Crusades, Christian perspectives of warfare and violence, and its attitudes towards Islam, basically in the course of the turbulent interval of the eleventh and twelfth centuries (with a few consciousness to past centuries). A marked shift in Christian perceptions of its personal identification coincided with a significantly extra martial and competitive method of nonbelievers either in and out of Europe.
This wide-ranging examine contains such issues because the history to the 1st campaign, the Knights Templar, Bernard of Clairvaux, the Cistercian Order, the works of Peter the Venerable, apocalyptic hopes and fears, and martyrdom within the context of Christian conflicts with Islam. targeting French monastic writings, the ebook additionally examines papal records, Spanish polemics, campaign chronicles, and different works. it is a survey of study on those vital topics, and serves as either a reference paintings and some degree of departure for additional research.