By Duncan McCargo
For the reason that January 2004, a violent separatist insurgency has raged in southern Thailand, leading to greater than 3 thousand deaths. although mostly disregarded outdoor Southeast Asia, the uprising in Pattani and neighboring provinces and the Thai government's harsh crackdown have ended in a full-scale obstacle. Tearing aside the Land via Duncan McCargo, one of many world's prime students of latest Thai politics, is the 1st fieldwork-based ebook approximately this clash. Drawing on his vast wisdom of the quarter, hundreds and hundreds of interviews performed in the course of a year's learn within the afflicted region, and unpublished Thai-language resources that diversity from nameless leaflets to confessions extracted by way of Thai protection forces, McCargo locates the roots of the clash within the context of the bothered strength family members among Bangkok and the Muslim-majority "deep South."
McCargo describes how Bangkok attempted to set up legitimacy via co-opting neighborhood spiritual and political elites. This profitable technique used to be disillusioned whilst Thaksin Shinawatra turned leading minister in 2001 and got down to reorganize strength within the area. earlier than Thaksin used to be overthrown in a 2006 army coup, his repressive guidelines had uncovered the precariousness of the Bangkok government's impression. A rejuvenated militant flow had emerged, invoking Islamic rhetoric to problem the authority of neighborhood leaders obedient to Bangkok.
For readers drawn to modern Southeast Asia, insurgency and counterinsurgency, Islam, politics, and questions of political violence, Tearing aside the Land is a robust account of the altering nature of Islam at the Malay peninsula, the legitimacy of the critical Thai executive and the disasters of its safety coverage, the composition of the militant circulate, and the conflict's disastrous influence on way of life within the deep South. rigorously distinguishing the rebellion in southern Thailand from different Muslim rebellions, McCargo means that the clash will be ended provided that a extra participatory mode of governance is followed within the region.
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Extra resources for Tearing Apart the Land: Islam and Legitimacy in Southern Thailand
60 After the events of 2004, this approach was no longer credible in the eyes of many Malay Muslims. Another source of legitimacy actively promoted by the Thai state was representative politics. Because most MPs from the Southern border provinces by the 1990s were Malay Muslims, so the argument went, the minority population was well represented at the national level. The quality of this representation was enhanced by the bargaining power of the Wadah group, which had held a number of ministerial positions: junior ministries for Den Tohmeena and Ariphen Utarasint, and major posts including Parliament president, communications minister, and interior minister for Wan Muhammad Nor Matha.
7 The original idea of the “new school” dated back around seventy years, and the teachings of this school had long since become a standard view of Islam among more educated people, though often not by ordinary villagers. Umar argued that “most villagers are still in the old school mindset. ”8 The theme of a social, educational, and cultural gap between a “new school” Muslim elite and a traditionalist Muslim community was a highly persistent one. While Haji Sulong represented an earlier form of khana mai, and Umar’s 1960s generation formed a second wave, most prominent Muslim academics in Patani were broadly aligned with the stricter reformism associated with Ismael Lutfi Chapakia, 22 Tearing Apart the Land a Saudi-educated preacher and the founder of Yala Islamic College.
20 Yet despite its weak leadership, the khana kao remained overwhelmingly dominant in numerical terms and comprised somewhere between 70 and 90 percent of the Muslim population. 21 The clearest symbolic distinction between the two khana could be seen at weekends. On Saturday mornings at ten o’clock, the well-known traditionalist preacher Ismael Sapanyan taught at the Pattani Central Mosque, drawing huge crowds; at the same time on Sundays, he preached at the Yala Central Mosque. 22 Significantly, Ismael Sapanyan operated from the central mosques, with the blessing of the traditionalist Muslim elite; Lutfi preached from his own educational institutions, illustrating the source of his learning and spiritual authority.
Tearing Apart the Land: Islam and Legitimacy in Southern Thailand by Duncan McCargo