By David J. Hoffman, Barnett A. Rattner, G. Allen Burton Jr., John Cairns Jr.
Instruction manual of Ecotoxicology, moment version makes a speciality of poisonous ingredients and the way they impression ecosystems around the world. It provides tools for quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological results within the box and within the lab, in addition to equipment for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology experiences. thoroughly revised and up to date with 18 new chapters, this moment version comprises contributions from over seventy five foreign specialists. additionally, a Technical evaluation Board reviewed all manuscripts for accuracy and forex. This authoritative paintings is the definitive reference for college students, researchers, specialists, and different execs within the environmental sciences, toxicology, chemistry, biology, and ecology - in academia, undefined, and executive.
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Extra resources for Handbook of Ecotoxicology
Dept. of Energy Symposium Series 52, Conf. 781101, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, 1990. 12. Forman, R. T. T. , Landscape Ecology, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1986. 13. , Jr. and Niederlehner, B. , Developing a field of landscape ecotoxicology, Ecol. , 6, 790, 1996. INTRODUCTION 15 14. O’Neill, R. V. , Monitoring environmental quality at the landscape scale, Bioscience, 47, 513, 1997. 15. Smith, G. S. Fish Wildl. , Resour. Pub. , 1987. 16. Ecobichon, D. , Klaassen, C.
This chapter presents an overview of the principles and determinants governing bioaccumulation from sediments and water and biomagnification in aquatic-based food webs. Organic and metal contaminants are discussed, with an emphasis on hydrophobic organics. The objective of this chapter is to elucidate concepts relating to bioaccumulation, rather than simply present an exhaustive review of the literature. , hydrolysis) activity. When the result is expressed quantitatively, the relationship is a quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR).
There were no standardized procedures. Some of the earliest acute toxicity tests were performed by Penny and Adams (1863)6 and Weigelt, Saare, and Schwab (1885),7 who were concerned with toxic chemicals in industrial wastewaters. 8 This was expanded by the work of Jones (1939)9 and has been followed by thousands of publications over the years on the toxicity of various metals to a wide variety of organisms. Much of the work conducted in the 1930s and 1940s was done to provide insight into the interpretation of chemical tests as a first step into the incorporation of biological effects testing into the wastewater treatment process or to expand the basic information available on species tolerances, metabolism, and energetics.
Handbook of Ecotoxicology by David J. Hoffman, Barnett A. Rattner, G. Allen Burton Jr., John Cairns Jr.