By Peter J. A. Bollen, Axel Kornerup Hansen, Helle J. Rasmussen, P. J. A. Bollen
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Extra info for The Laboratory Swine
4 gives some examples of infections covered by the SPF term, although it should be remembered that organizations in different countries work with slightly different lists. , the Scandinavian Society for Laboratory Animal Science79 or the Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations (FELASA)80 have issued guidelines for advanced health monitoring of swine for experiments. Such guidelines recommend monitoring for a range of agents. 5). 81,82 THE TERM Disease Pathogen Morbus Aujeszky (Pseudorabies) Herpesvirus (Aujeszky’s virus) Pneumonia Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Swine dysentery Serpulina hyodysenteria Transmissible gastroenteritis Coronavirus (TGE) Atrophic rhinitis Pasteurella multocida Sarcoptic mange Sarcoptes scabiei Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome PRRS virus In breeding colonies, health monitoring is based on random representative samples.
Pens should be washed weekly, although pens with grid floors are usually washed at longer intervals to prevent excessive amounts of liquid manure. A mild disinfectant may be used. Disinfectants should be rinsed away and solid floors swabbed dry before allowing the animals to return to their pens. Pens should be sanitized thoroughly on a monthly basis. High-pressure cleaning is commonly used in swine facilities. Because of aerosol formation, high-pressure cleaning should be carried out without additives to the water.
3 lists antimicrobial drugs for swine, along with guidelines for dosing. It is recommended to review drug labels for specific doses. pathological examination Diseased swine with no prospects of natural recovery or recovery after medical treatment must be euthanized. 2: DISEASES System Cardiovascular OF SWINE92,94 Condition Myocarditis Pericarditis Vasculitis Hemorragic conditions ©1999 CRC Press LLC Cause Streptococci Encephalomyocarditis virus Foot-and-mouth Swine vesicular disease Vit. E/selinium deficiency, iron deficiency Malignant hyperthermia Pasteurella spp.
The Laboratory Swine by Peter J. A. Bollen, Axel Kornerup Hansen, Helle J. Rasmussen, P. J. A. Bollen