By Barbara Schmiedtová
The examine endeavors a close and systematic category of linguistic simultaneity expressions. extra, it goals at a good defined survey of ways simultaneity is expressed through local audio system of their personal language. at the foundation of genuine construction information the publication solutions the questions of ways local audio system show temporal simultaneity typically, and the way inexperienced persons at diversified degrees of skillability care for this case below experimental try stipulations. moreover, the result of this learn shed new mild on our figuring out of element quite often, and on its acquisition via grownup inexperienced persons.
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Additional resources for At The Same Time: The Expression Of Simultaneity In Learner Varieties (Studies on Language Acquisition)
Temporal overlap can be achieved by relating the post-state of coming out (namely the time of being out) and the time of switching off. 15) could be rephrased as: When he was outside/as soon as he stepped out of the building, the lamp went off automatically. 15) is sequential. This interpretation is also supported by the presence of two juxtaposed perfective verbs. Another group of explicit temporal devices is formed by subordinating connectives such as zatímco, mezitímco (‘while’, ‘whilst’). Their presence indicates that two events are simultaneous.
This understanding underlies virtually all older work (Reichenbach 1947; Verkuyl 1972) and a great deal of more recent research on aspect (Verkuyl 1993; Ogihara 1999; Slabakova 2002), although the way in which the notion of aspect is "reconstructed" in recent, more formal treatments, varies considerably. In a nutshell, the conventional characterization of aspect is but a metaphor - intuitively appealing but far from a precise definition. When it is said that aspects are different ways of "viewing" a situation, it is not at all clear what "viewing" means here.
It could be rephrased as: At the moment when Mary closed the window Peter was entering the room. In the second example, the coming-event is included in the closing-event. 4) could be paraphrased as: During the time when Mary was in the process of closing the window Peter entered the room. Both examples illustrate unambiguous expression of temporal simultaneity by means of aspectual contrast (perfective versus imperfective). Note that aspectual contrast includes both orders: perfective - imperfective and imperfective - perfective.
At The Same Time: The Expression Of Simultaneity In Learner Varieties (Studies on Language Acquisition) by Barbara Schmiedtová