By Carsten Becker
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Ayeri
Adverbs modifying verbs follow their verb head, just like adjectives follow their nouns head: (60) Nimp-yāng para. 3 Noun phrase Besides a noun or a pronoun, noun phrases may contain several different types of modifiers. Typically, all of these follow their head noun, except for the indefinite determiner prefix me- and the demonstrative pronouns. Another exception to this is the case marker of proper nouns, 3 which precedes the noun as an article, that is, a free morpheme. Adjectives, too, follow their head noun, as can be seen below in example 61a.
Helge K. d. Web. 12 Aug. 2010. no/hnohf/> 2 Rosenfelder, Mark. ” The Metaverse. 2010. Mark Rosenfelder. 1996–2010. Web. 12 Aug. 2010. html> 3 Rosenfelder, Mark et al. Zompist Bboard. a. Virtual Verduria Message Board. 2005. d. Web. 12 Aug. 2010. com/zbb> Epilogue, or why I did this THIS IS STILL A DRAFT 10 the Conlang Mailing List4 in the meantime, where I met people who actually knew things about linguistics, or even studied it. This encouraged me to start reading linguistic papers to educate myself a little more in this area.
5 cf. 4, page 38. 6 cf. 5, page 38. ’ Constituent order typology (64c) THIS IS STILL A DRAFT 30 Locative without preposition: Ya yoma-yāng nanga-Ø. ’ Especially the locative case marker takes the inherent meaning of a verb regarding the location of its argument for granted. In order to specify the relation between verb and noun as concerns position more elaborately, preposition words. These are derived from nouns, some even from the words for body parts. 7 In the following, there will be a list of all prepositions that Ayeri employs which can be used as independent nouns as well: agonan outside of outside avan at the bottom of bottom, ground dayrin to the side of side, waist kong inside of inside eyran below, under sole ling above, on, on top of; while top marin in front of face pang behind back terpeng among, between middle Table 11: Prepositions derived from nouns Other prepositions include words which are not clearly derived from nouns, and which need to be nominalized in order to be used as nouns: kayvo with; along with kahu distant, far luga among, between; during nasay near nuveng left patameng right Table 12: Prepositions not derived from nouns In order for these specialized prepositions to convey motion along a path, the particle manga8 is used: 7 cf.
A Grammar of Ayeri by Carsten Becker