Download e-book for kindle: Viruses in Foods (Food Microbiology and Food Safety) by Sagar Goyal

By Sagar Goyal

ISBN-10: 0387289356

ISBN-13: 9780387289359

This is often the 1st e-book to concentration completely on viruses in meals. It collates info at the prevalence, detection, transmission, and epidemiology of viruses in numerous meals. even if equipment for bacterial detection in meals can be found, tools for detection of viruses in nutrition, apart from shellfish, usually are not on hand. it will be significant, consequently, to boost equipment for direct exam of nutrients for viruses and to discover exchange signs which can adequately mirror the virological caliber of nutrition. This publication addresses those matters in addition to suggestions for the prevention and keep an eye on of viral illness of foodstuff.

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Extra info for Viruses in Foods (Food Microbiology and Food Safety)

Sample text

1. Distribution and Transmission Noroviruses, previously known as small round structured viruses (SRSVs) and Norwalk-like viruses (NLVs), are now the most widely recognized viral agents associated with food-borne and waterborne outbreaks of nonbacterial gastroenteritis and probably the most common cause of foodborne disease worldwide. These viruses cause epidemic viral gastroenteritis resulting in large outbreaks. The prototype norovirus, Norwalk virus, was first discovered by Kapikian et al. (1972) after an outbreak of gastroenteritis in a school in Norwalk, Ohio.

Intervirology 20:23–31. , Lee, S. , Drebot, M. , Jenkerson, S. , Sobsey, M. , Simmons, O. , III, Monroe, S. , Middaugh, J. , and Spika, J. , 1997, Outbreak of viral gastroenteritis due to a contaminated well—International consequences. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 278:563–568. Berg, D. , Kohn, M. , Farley, T. , and McFarland, L. , 2000, Multi-state outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis traced to fecal-contaminated oysters harvested in Louisiana. J. Infect. Dis. 181:S381–S386. , and Luthi, T. , 2002, Norwalk-like virus sequences in mineral waters: one-year monitoring of three brands.

A second genus, Avastrovirus, contains the type species turkey astrovirus, of which there are two serotypes. , 2000). 3. Growth and Biological Properties Astroviruses have been isolated in cell cultures but are fastidious viruses to grow in vitro. Although human, bovine, feline, and porcine astroviruses have been isolated in primary embryonic kidney cell lines such as human embryonic kidney cells (HEK), only human and porcine astroviruses have been adapted to grow in established cell lines, and trypsin is required in the growth medium to boost infectivity.

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Viruses in Foods (Food Microbiology and Food Safety) by Sagar Goyal

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