By Robert Folger (auth.), Robert Folger (eds.)
The value of justice can't be overstated. As one writer has positioned it, "A higher realizing of the way justice issues improve and serve as in people's lives should still allow us to plot extra successfully for institutional and different social swap to house the issues that confront humankind" (S. C. Lerner, 1981, p. 466). the quantity during which that assertion appeared-an previous one during this similar series-was dedicated to exploring the effect that dwindling assets and an expanding expense of switch have had upon people's situation for justice. by contrast, the current quantity areas better emphasis at the be aware less than status, because it used to be utilized in the context of the previous citation, than upon powerful making plans, social switch, and methods of facing human difficulties. not anything in that assertion of objective is intended to belittle the urgency of translat ing knowing into motion, as the social value of justice matters is a significant component that has caused the authors of the chapters during this ebook to do learn within the quarter. fairly, this quantity gets its emphasis from Kurt Lewin's recognized dictum there's not anything so useful as a very good thought. the necessity for strong conception is ongoing, and those pages are devoted to a look for new pathways towards greater theory.
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Extra resources for The Sense of Injustice: Social Psychological Perspectives
Inequity, in his framework, leads to an unpleasant emotional state that, because of its aversive nature, the person is motivated to reduce. This may be accomplished in any number of ways, all of which simultaneously eliminate the belief that inequity exists. While the evidence for the actual existence of this arousal has been weak (see Reis, 1979, and Chapter 6 in this volume for a fuller discussion of this issue), the notion has nonetheless played a central role in the conceptual development of justice theories.
From these studies it seems manifest that differences in the guidelines under which subjects operate can mimic, or even induce, differences in the underlying motive that governs behavior in justice research. Such research can therefore help elucidate how behavior varies in response to activation of the justice motive. 2. Models of Justice Motivation Although, as I noted earlier, most research in this area deals with the justice of outcomes rather than the justice motive, most theorizing concerns the motive itself.
I will now examine each of these more specifically. The first, outcome justice, is the most common in this area of research. These studies concern the extent to which outcomes and inputs are apportioned according to the quantitative stipulations of the theory. Of course, in equity theory, this standard has been proportionality. For example, Adams and Freedman (1976) reviewed numerous studies showing that when subjects are placed in a situation in which outcomes and inputs are not proportional, they alter their cognitions or behaviors so that an equitable balance is reinstated.
The Sense of Injustice: Social Psychological Perspectives by Robert Folger (auth.), Robert Folger (eds.)