By Alexander Dugin
The entire political platforms of the trendy age were the goods of 3 precise ideologies: the 1st, and oldest, is liberal democracy; the second one is Marxism; and the 3rd is fascism. The latter have lengthy because failed and handed out of the pages of heritage, and the 1st not operates as an ideology, yet quite as anything taken without any consideration. the area at the present time unearths itself close to a post-political fact - one during which the values of liberalism are so deeply embedded that the common individual isn't really conscious that there's an ideology at paintings round him. accordingly, liberalism is threatening to monopolise political discourse and drown the realm in a common sameness, destroying every little thing that makes a number of the cultures and peoples specified. in response to Alexander Dugin, what's had to holiday via this morass is a fourth ideology - person who will sift during the particles of the 1st 3 to appear for components that will be precious, yet that is still cutting edge and certain in itself. Dugin doesn't provide a point-by-point software for this new conception, yet fairly outlines the parameters during which it may well advance and the problems which it needs to tackle. Dugin foresees that the Fourth Political concept will use the instruments and ideas of modernity opposed to itself, to result in a go back of cultural range opposed to commercialisation, in addition to the normal worldview of all of the peoples of the area - albeit inside of a completely new context. Written via a student who's actively influencing the course of Russian geopolitical process this present day, The Fourth Political thought is an creation to an idea which could good form the process the world's political destiny. Alexander Dugin (b. 1962) is among the best-known writers and political commentators in post-Soviet Russia. as well as the various books he has authored on political, philosophical and religious subject matters, he at present serves at the employees of Moscow nation collage, and is the highbrow chief of the Eurasia stream. For greater than a decade, he has additionally been an consultant to Vladimir Putin and others within the Kremlin on geopolitical issues, being a vocal recommend of a go back of Russian strength to the worldwide degree, to behave as a counterweight to American domination.
Read Online or Download The Fourth Political Theory PDF
Best history & theory books
This quantity is an try and reconsider Niccolò Machiavelli, probably the most tough political thinkers within the historical past of eu political idea. In 2013, we are going to mark 500 years in view that Machiavelli wrote his complicated letter to Lorenzo de' Medici, Il Principe. This publication is an activity to hide one of the most advanced features of Machiavelli's existence and paintings
- Modern Pluralism: Anglo-American Debates Since 1880 Hardcover
- Kristeva and the Political (Thinking the Political)
- Hannah Arendt: An Introduction
- Understanding Political Science Statistics: Observations and Expectations in Political Analysis
- Twilight of Subjectivity: Contributions to a Post-Individualist Theory Politics
Additional resources for The Fourth Political Theory
Those who do not agree with liberalism find themselves in a difficult situation — the triumphant enemy has dissolved and disappeared; now they are left struggling against the air. How can one engage in politics, if there is no politics? There is only one way out — to reject the classical political theories, both winners and losers, strain our imaginations, seize the reality of a new world, correctly decipher the challenges of postmodernity, and create something new — something beyond the political battles of the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries.
It is not that they are completely neutral, but outside of their strict ideological context, one can find or discover a different, or new, meaning for them. The positive aspects of the development of the Fourth Political Theory are based on this principle. A revision of the three political ideologies, and an analysis of each in unconventional ways, can give certain clues to the substantive content of our own theory. In each of the three ideologies there is a clearly defined historical subject. In liberal ideology, the historical subject is the individual.
At the same time, the Fourth Political Theory cannot be the continuation of either the second political theory or the third. The end of fascism, much like the end of Communism, was not just an accidental misunderstanding, but the expression of a rather lucid historical logic. They challenged the spirit of modernity (fascism did so almost openly, Communism more covertly: see the review of the Soviet period as a special, ‘eschatological’ version of the traditional society by Mikhail S.  This means that the struggle with the postmodern metamorphosis of liberalism into the form of postmodernity and globalisation should be qualitatively different; it must be based on new principles and propose new strategies.
The Fourth Political Theory by Alexander Dugin