New PDF release: The Discovery of Spoken Language

By Peter W. Jusczyk

ISBN-10: 0262100584

ISBN-13: 9780262100588

ISBN-10: 0262600366

ISBN-13: 9780262600361

The invention of Spoken Language marks one of many first efforts to combine the sphere of youngster speech conception learn into the common research of language acquisition. It fills in a key a part of the acquisition tale by way of supplying an intensive assessment of study at the acquisition of language in the course of the first yr of lifestyles, focusing totally on how often constructing babies study the association of local language sound styles.

Peter Jusczyk examines the preliminary capacities that babies own for discriminating and categorizing speech sounds and the way those capacities evolve as babies achieve event with local language enter. Jusczyk additionally appears at how babies' becoming wisdom of local language sound styles may perhaps facilitate the purchase of different points of language association and discusses the connection among the learner's constructing capacities for perceiving and generating speech.

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Hillenbrand, Minifie, and Edwards (1979) found that 6- to 8-month-olds are able to discriminate these syllables, and subsequent research by Eimas and Miller (1980a; Miller and Eimas 1983) demonstrated categorical discrimination of the same contrast by 2-montholds. The oral/nasal distinction between syllables like [ba] and [ma] was tested by Eimas and Miller (1980b). Once again, 2- to 4-month-olds discriminated this contrast. However, unlike the earlier consonantal contrasts examined, the infants also showed some ability to discriminate within category distinctions for these stimuli.

Once the patterns have been isolated, the child will also try to reproduce them. This is the motor side of the problem, and it can only be understood within a much broader theory of motor learning. All of our claims about form-function mapping presuppose this perceptual motor framework. Forms exist, and they must be perceived before any mapping can occur at all. (Bates and MacWhirmey 1989, p. 31) Thus, Bates and MacWhinney posit that a critical starting point for the acquisition of language is to pull out the relevant forms from the input, which, of course, includes the speech signal itself.

Infants in experimental conditions hear repetitions of a different syllable in response to sucking on the pacifier, whereas infants in control conditions continue to hear repetitions of the initial syllable. Discrimination of a particular stimulus pair is inferred from differences in the sucking behavior between the control and experimental conditions during the test phase. (For a more complete description of this procedure, see the discussion in the appendix). Eimas et al. (1971) tested infants at two different ages, 1 and 4 months, for their ability to discriminate the English voicing contrast that is observed in the syllables [ba] and [pa].

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The Discovery of Spoken Language by Peter W. Jusczyk

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