By Kenji Hakuta
Read or Download Testing English-Language Learners in U.S. Schools: Report and Workshop Summary (Compass Series) PDF
Similar linguistics books
This ebook contributes to our becoming knowing of the character and improvement of language learner self-concept. It assesses the suitable literature within the disciplines of psychology and utilized linguistics and describes in-depth, qualitative examine interpreting the self-concepts of tertiary-level EFL rookies.
Mongolic Phonology and the Qinghai-Gansu Languages
The peripheral Mongolic languages of the Qinghai-Gansu quarter in China comprise
Eastern Yugur (Shira Yugur) and the Shirongol languages. The latter will be subdivided in a Monguor department, which includes Mongghul and Mangghuer, and a Baoanic department, which includes Baoan, Kangjia, and Dongxiang (Santa).
The inner taxonomy of the Qinghai-Gansu languages can be mentioned in a separate section.
The Qinghai-Gansu languages are more and more well-described. They
have additionally been the topic of reviews in language touch, as a rule within the context
of the Amdo or Qinghai-Gansu Sprachbund.
This learn will procedure the phonology of Qinghai-Gansu Mongolic
from a comparative historic perspective. It offers an summary of the phonological advancements of the Qinghai-Gansu languages, evaluating them to the reconstructed ancestral language. whilst it is going to examine the
archaic good points that may be present in those languages, in an effort to increase the
reconstructions of person Mongolic lexemes.
The booklet ends with a comparative complement of approximately 1350
reconstructed universal Mongolic goods, followed through the fashionable kinds they're in response to and, the place invaluable, arguments for the selected reconstruction.
- Events of Putting and Taking: A Crosslinguistic Perspective
- A Reference Grammar of Modern Standard Arabic (Reference Grammars)
- Language Standardization and Language Change: The Dynamics of Cape Dutch (Impact: Studies in Language and Society, IMPACT 19)
- Disabusing Women in the Old French Fabliaux (Currents in Comparative Romance Languages and Literatures)
- Translation - Theory and Practice: A Historical Reader
Extra info for Testing English-Language Learners in U.S. Schools: Report and Workshop Summary (Compass Series)
In California, for example, the law limits the time for special language-related services to “a temporary transition not normally intended to exceed one year” (Proposition 227, Article 2, Sec. 305). After that time is expired, students are asked, with some exceptions, to function in an English-only setting regardless of their level of English proficiency. Arbitrary timelines, it was noted, have little relationship to the learning trajectory students must travel; such cutoffs generally allow little adjustment for individual circumstances and are unlikely to serve all, or even most, students’ needs.
For example, the heavy language demands in testing a student’s knowledge of history may require a different approach than would the relatively lesser linguistic demands in testing mathematics skills. Different approaches might well also be called for depending on whether the test was designed for use in academic placement or in a system accountability test. WORKSHOP SUMMARY 27 • Accommodations need to be considered in the context of instruction. For example, if students have not been instructed in Spanish, testing them in Spanish is unlikely to yield valid information about their performance.
Arlington, VA: Educational Research Service. , G. Taylor, and D. Betebenner 1998 Inclusion of Limited-English-Proficient Students in Rhode Island’s Grade 4 Mathematics Performance Assessment. CSE Tech. Rep. No. 486. Los Angeles, CA: National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST), University of California.
Testing English-Language Learners in U.S. Schools: Report and Workshop Summary (Compass Series) by Kenji Hakuta