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By Richard Tuck

ISBN-10: 0521360005

ISBN-13: 9780521360005

This significant new contribution to our figuring out of eu political conception will problem the views during which political proposal is known. Framed as a basic account of the interval among 1572 and 1651 it charts the formation of a distinctively sleek political vocabulary, in response to arguments of political necessity and raison d'etat within the paintings of the most important theorists. whereas Dr. Tuck will pay special consciousness to Montaigne, Grotius, Hobbes and the theorists of the English Revolution, he additionally reconsiders the origins in their conceptual vocabulary in humanist thought--particularly skepticism and stoicism--and its improvement and appropriation in the course of the revolutions in Holland and France. This e-book should be welcomed via all historians of political suggestion and people drawn to the advance of the assumption of the country.

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Machiavelli was deeply committed to exploring the Roman ideas on politics, and it can be said that he saw more clearly than any other Renaissance writer the real implications of Cicero's central belief: that the survival and advancement of one's republic had to take precedence over all things, and that the conventional virtues might not i n fact always be adequately i nstrumental to that end . g. Skinner 1 98 1 ) , Machiavelli continued to work with many of the same values of the more conventional Ciceronian humanists (for example glory was as i mpor­ tant to him as it was to any I talian humanist) , and even some of the standard virtues are allowed to place in his writings.

But j ust as a hundred years earlier, their Ciceronianism was a double-edged weapon: on the one hand , any concepts which could not be put into Ciceronian Latin were to be abaonded, but on the other, if a work such as the Posterior Ana(ytics could be put into Cicero's Latin, it would have to become part of the central literature of humanism. nd I taly tried for a second time to take the whole of Aristotle into Ciceronianism. In 1 5 35 Mario Nizzoli of Brescia published his Observationes in Ciceronem with an appendix listing the chief technical philosophical terms which were un-Ciceronian and suggesting alter­ natives, while in 1 540 Joachim Perion of the University of Paris began a programme of translating the central works of Greek philosophy into absolu tely pure Ciceronian Latin.

1 1 ; 1 62 3 ed. p . 24) . Drawing on incidents in Genoese history, he argued that extreme courses of action, whether of great liberality or great rigour, were often better than the ortho- Scepticism, Stoicism and 'raison d'etat' 37 dox mean. But h e was by n o means a n orthodox Machiavellian, for he had (as befitted a Genoese) a much keener sense of the role of money in imperial expansion - ' money maintains arms, and through a lack of it they are often weakened and broken ' (No. 53 ; 1 62 3 ed .

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Philosophy and Government 1572-1651 by Richard Tuck

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