By Stephan P. Swinnen, Jacques Duysens
Neuro-Behavioral Determinants of Interlimb Coordination: A multidisciplinary approach specializes in bimanual coordination opposed to the wider context of the coordination among the higher and reduce limbs. in spite of the fact that, it's also huge in scope in that it studies fresh advancements within the research of coordination via the newest applied sciences for the examine of mind functionality, equivalent to useful magnetic resonance imaging, near-infrared spectroscopy, magneto-encephalography, and transcranial magnetic stimulation. furthermore, new advancements in restoration of interlimb coordination following spinal twine harm and different insults of the valuable anxious approach, reminiscent of stroke, are reviewed.
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Additional info for Neuro-Behavioral Determinants of Interlimb Coordination: A multidisciplinary approach
In each case a comparison will be made between cat and human. 3. DOES INTERLIMB COORDINATION DEPEND ON SUPRASPINAL STRUCTURES? Since the cat has traditionally been a favorite model for the study of interlimb coordination, it is appropriate to briefly describe recent advances in this field. An excellent review of the earlier work can be found in Rossignol et al. (1993; 1996). 1 Cat Studies in the cat have shown that the spinal cord itself contains mechanisms for interlimb coupling. One clear indication for the strong coupling between hind leg CPGs is that rhythmic activity in one limb is influenced by manipulations of another limb.
2003). The infants adapted to additional load 18 J. Duysens et al. Box 1-2 Development of interlimb coordination in humans Interlimb coordination between ann and leg movements in infants during unperturbed locomotion has been described in detail by Ledebt (2000). In infants, basic coordination patterns exist, very similar to those found in the cat. For example, infants crawling on hands-and-knees preferably use a diagonal interlimb pattern (diagonally opposite limbs move synchronously; Freedland and Bertenthal, 1994).
In the previous sections, it was proposed that the locomotor coupling between the various limbs is fairly robust and survives a reduction in sensory input. It would be misleading however to think that this implies that sensory input is not important for interlimb coordination. , 1993, for review). In J. Duysenset al. 14 this section the emphasis is on interactions of sensory inputs with central structures such as CPOs. The main sensory inputs involved are those derived from receptors monitoring muscle length (muscle spindles) and those involved in measuring load (muscle Golgi Tendon Organs, OTOs and mechanoreceptors from the foot).
Neuro-Behavioral Determinants of Interlimb Coordination: A multidisciplinary approach by Stephan P. Swinnen, Jacques Duysens