By Andrea Ender; Adrian Leemann; Bernhard Wälchli
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This booklet contributes to our turning out to be realizing of the character and improvement of language learner self-concept. It assesses the suitable literature within the disciplines of psychology and utilized linguistics and describes in-depth, qualitative learn interpreting the self-concepts of tertiary-level EFL newcomers.
Mongolic Phonology and the Qinghai-Gansu Languages
The peripheral Mongolic languages of the Qinghai-Gansu region in China comprise
Eastern Yugur (Shira Yugur) and the Shirongol languages. The latter may be subdivided in a Monguor department, which include Mongghul and Mangghuer, and a Baoanic department, which include Baoan, Kangjia, and Dongxiang (Santa).
The inner taxonomy of the Qinghai-Gansu languages might be mentioned in a separate section.
The Qinghai-Gansu languages are more and more well-described. They
have additionally been the topic of reports in language touch, generally within the context
of the Amdo or Qinghai-Gansu Sprachbund.
This research will process the phonology of Qinghai-Gansu Mongolic
from a comparative ancient point of view. It presents an outline of the phonological advancements of the Qinghai-Gansu languages, evaluating them to the reconstructed ancestral language. even as it is going to examine the
archaic gains that may be present in those languages, for you to increase the
reconstructions of person Mongolic lexemes.
The publication ends with a comparative complement of approximately 1350
reconstructed universal Mongolic goods, observed by way of the trendy types they're in accordance with and, the place beneficial, arguments for the selected reconstruction.
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Extra resources for Methods in contemporary linguistics
The full form of eigentlich ‘actually’ in Bern is [ ܼܭޖgࡈ ԥlܼx], with a variant closer to the standard German [ ܼܭޖgࡈ ԥtlܼx]. Eigentlich is often used as a discourse particle, which is subject to, sometimes quite rigorous, reductions. In this use, the first step of reduction is the loss of the accent [ ܼܭgࡈ ԥlܼx]. Centralization of the unstressed [ܼ] follows: [ ܼܭgࡈ ԥlԥx]. In a next step, the central schwa is syncopated: [ ܼܭgࡈ lԥx]; the [l] disappears [ ܼܭgࡈ ԥx], the schwa of the last syllable is syncopized:[ ܼܭgࡈ x], the complex coda is reduced to a simple fricative [ ܼܭx], the diphthong is monophthongized [ܭx] and finally reduced to a schwa [ԥx].
In German, for instance, consonant clusters and schwa deletion characterize the discussion if there are syllabic consonants or if consonants have to be described as extrasyllabic. This is especially relevant if one considers the south German schwa deletion in prefixes (Gschpängscht < Gespenst ‘ghost’). Considering this background, we opt for a segmentation level narrower than the syllable. This level is closer to the phone/phoneme as the basic prosodic unit. The syllable is a derived category based on the sonority hierarchy.
Welby, Pauline 2006 French intonational structure: Evidence from tonal alignment. Journal of Phonetics 34: 343–371. Wiesinger, Peter 1983 Die Einteilung der deutschen Dialekte. In Dialektologie. Ein Handbuch zur deutschen und allgemeinen Dialektforschung. Zweiter Halbband, Werner Besch et al. ), 807–900. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter. Willi, Urs 1996 Die segmentale Dauer als phonetischer Parameter von ‘fortis’ und ‘lenis’ bei Plosiven im Zürichdeutschen. Eine akustische und perzeptorische Untersuchung.
Methods in contemporary linguistics by Andrea Ender; Adrian Leemann; Bernhard Wälchli