By Carol L. Schmid
Vital elements of the background of language within the usa stay shrouded in fable and legend. The suggestion of "one kingdom, one language" is a part of the idealized background of the USA, even supposing in its brief historical past it has most likely been host to extra bilingual humans than the other nation on this planet. Language is greater than a method of conversation. It brings into play a complete variety of stories and attitudes towards lifestyles. moreover, language is a effective symbolic factor since it hyperlinks strength and political claims of possession with mental calls for for staff worthy. How humans belonging to various language and cultural groups stay jointly within the comparable political group and the way political and structural tensions come up to divide them alongside language strains, are questions addressed within the Politics of Language. This publication analyzes the ancient history and up to date controversy over language within the usa and compares it to 2 respectable multilingual societies: Canada and Switzerland. it really is accessibility as a survey of this subject makes it perfect for classes in linguistics, political technological know-how, and sociology.
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Extra resources for The Politics of Language: Conflict, Identity, and Cultural Pluralism in Comparative Perspective
Senate. Agitation from the Puerto Rican legislature spurred some changes in educational policy. S. Commissioner of Education compromised and allowed Spanish instruction in grades one through four, Spanish and English in grade ﬁve, and only English thereafter. This policy lasted until the late 1940s (Crawford, 1989). In the 1910s, members of the Puerto Rican legislature attempted to terminate English instruction in the public schools, offering English only as a course rather than the required language for most subjects.
The schools initially were state-supported. In 1852, however, a new law prohibited religious schools from sharing in state funds. Despite these laws, Southern California remained a Spanish-speaking region for some time. Spanish newspapers and bilingual schools ﬂourished into the 1870s. There also were Spanish-speaking judges, elected ofﬁcials, and community leaders (Leibowitz, 1971). The segregation of Mexican American children in the public schools of California was fairly well established by the mid-1920s.
At the time of the Spanish-American War, almost one million Puerto Ricans lived on the island that was less than thirty-ﬁve hundred square miles in size (Barreto, 1995). Language Conﬂict and the Western Territories The geographic and demographic condition of Puerto Rico differed from those of the Western territories, which were vast and sparsely populated. After the MexicanAmerican War of 1848, Mexico ceded a vast territory—including California, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado—and also approved the prior annexation of Texas.
The Politics of Language: Conflict, Identity, and Cultural Pluralism in Comparative Perspective by Carol L. Schmid