By Christopher Pierson
We are living in a global that's characterized by way of either an intensive inequality in wealth and earning and the accelerating depletion of scarce normal assets. one of many issues that stops us from addressing those difficulties, even perhaps prevents us from seeing them as difficulties, is our trust that people and firms have claims to convinced assets and source of revenue streams which are non-negotiable, even if those claims look glaringly opposed to our collective long term wellbeing and fitness. This publication is an try to know how, why and once we got here to think these items. this primary quantity strains principles approximately deepest estate and its justification within the Latin West, beginning with the traditional Greeks. It follows numerous traces of pondering which run throughout the Roman and medieval worlds. It lines the profound impression of the increase of Christianity and the instantiation of either common and Roman legislation. It considers the complicated interaction of non secular and felony rules as those built during the Renaissance, the Reformation and the counter-Reformation major directly to the tips linked to sleek common legislations. the 1st quantity concludes with a detailed re-reading of Locke. we will be able to locate well-made arguments for personal estate all through this historical past yet those weren't continuously the arguments which we now imagine them to were and so they have been as a rule significantly conditional, certified by means of different issues, principally, a feeling of what the securing of the typical stable required. those arguments incorporated an entice the average legislations, to the dispensations of a simply God, to software, to securing financial development and to keeping the peace. They nearly by no means integrated the declare that folks have obviously- or God-given rights that trump the wellbeing and fitness, specifically the fundamental wellbeing and fitness, of alternative participants. In past due modernity, we now have overlooked lots of those arguments - to our collective loss.
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Extra resources for Just Property: A History in the Latin West. Volume One: Wealth, Virtue, and the Law
Here are two examples: Historians of ideas should justify their work by comparing it with its rivals, using the criteria of accuracy, comprehensiveness, consistency, progressiveness, fruitfulness, and openness . . (Bevir 1999: 106) To defend an understanding of any one work, historians must relate it to other works; they must weave numerous historical objects into a single tapestry, showing how some objects explain others, which explain others, and so on; they must develop a narrative that moves from object to object through time.
1263a39). For Aristotle, sharing is a product of a sound moral education and a supportive legislative framework: ‘of social customs, of mental culture, and of legislation’ (Pol. 1263b35). If we move forward to Aristotle’s own ideal constitutional order (as this is outlined in book 7 of the Politics), we again find substantial qualifications of the private property regime. It is worth citing the most critical passage at length, not least since its meaning has been, as we shall see, keenly contested.
AN OUTLINE OF THE B O OK Ambitious and wide-ranging (and long) as this book may be, as I have already made clear, it is not my intention to write a history of property in all lands and all ages. In fact, I focus on a series of perennial problems that arise for those who wish to defend (or to criticize) practices of property as these have developed broadly within the Latin West and among its intellectual heirs. These questions include the following: how does private property come to exist? does it require consent?
Just Property: A History in the Latin West. Volume One: Wealth, Virtue, and the Law by Christopher Pierson