Download PDF by Tania Zamuner: Input-based Phonological Acquisition (Outstanding

By Tania Zamuner

ISBN-10: 0203009908

ISBN-13: 9780203009901

ISBN-10: 0415967899

ISBN-13: 9780415967891

This booklet offers an research of 2 theories of language acquisition: the idea that acquisition is basically mediated through innate homes of language supplied through common grammar, and the opposing concept that language is obtained in keeping with the styles within the ambient language. an issue hardly thought of is that those theories are confounded as the constructions which are widespread throughout languages also are regularly the main widespread inside a selected language. moreover, the innate conception of language acquisition is tough to quantify and qualify. utilizing cross-linguistic, corpus and experimental ways, this e-book makes an attempt to distinction those theories via an exam of the purchase of word-final consonants in English.

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Example text

Additionally, there is argued to be an unrestricted universal in language, such that the presence of an obstruent coda implies the presence of a sonorant coda, repeated in (7) (Clements, 1990; Eckman & Iverson 1994; Fonte, 1996; den Ouden & Bastiaanse, 2001). (7) Unrestricted universal X Y CROSS-LINGUISTIC CODAS obstruent codas Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Type 4 23 sonorant codas + − − + + − + − occurs occurs occurs does not occur The pattern previously observed in (7) is supported by an examination of the 35 languages where all languages with obstruent codas had sonorant codas as well.

N/, one must also consider the unmarked voice feature in coda position, which is voiceless. , (Maddieson, 1984). Thus, the unmarked features in coda position are not compatible. Although voice is not considered in these analyses, the hypotheses have not been combined because this would give an inaccurate 26 INPUT-BASED PHONOLOGICAL ACQUISITION characterisation of the cross-linguistic preferences in this position. 3 for a further discussion. The next step is to examine English frequency data, which establishes patterns of coda consonants in the input for children acquiring English.

The data for sonority are less clear and suggest some evidence for sonority-based grouping in the English input. If child language data also show a grouping effect, then it will be difficult to distinguish the two hypotheses with respect to sonority. I will return to this issue in Chapter 5. 6. Summary The current chapter provided a characterisation of the distribution of English coda consonants, upon which the SLGH is defined. The input-based hypothesis was formed using the rank order of English codas based on the token word counts of the CDSC because this database most closely approximates the phonological input for children acquiring English.

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Input-based Phonological Acquisition (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics) by Tania Zamuner

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