By G. Beutler, W. Gurtner, M. Rothacher, U. Wild, E. Frei (auth.), Yehuda Bock, Norman Leppard (eds.)
Space geodesy has developed within the final two decades into essentially the most fascinating disciplines within the earth sciences. This improvement is because of a wide volume to the flexibility of purposes supplied via the radio interferometric process known as worldwide Positioning method or GPS. correctly, Symposium 102: Global Positioning process: An Overview was once held on the a hundred and twenty fifth Anniversary assembly of the overseas organization of Geodesy in August, 1989. A huge evaluate of GPS geodesy, achievements thus far and the clients for destiny research and alertness was once provided. Papers integrated during this quantity are grouped as follows: - Static and Geodynamic Positioning; - Orbit decision Optimization and layout Dynamic; - Kinematic GPS/INS Radio monitoring structures an invaluable reference for any researcher or scholar of area geodesy.
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Additional resources for Global Positioning System: An Overview: Symposium No. 102 Edinburgh, Scotland, August 7–8, 1989
Estimating the ionosphere using one or more dual frequency GPS receivers, Fifth International Symposium on Satellite Positioning, Las Cruces, New Mexico, 724-736. 23 PRESENT CAPABILITIES OF GPS FOR HIGH-PRECISION REGIONAL SURVEYS Robert W. King Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139 USA Geoffrey Blewitt Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA 91109 USA INTRODUCTION Within the next few years the efficiency of high-precision Global Positioning System (GPS) surveys will increase by nearly an order of magnitude with the introduction of lighter-weight and lower-power instruments, the application of kinematic techniques, and the availability of an improved satellite constellation for most areas of the world.
Double-differences, the ionospheric combination, etc. 35 Fig. 6 Repeatability of five independent daily estimates for the baseline between sites on the Caribbean (Limon) and Pacific (Liberia) co asts of Costa Rica. (From Dixon and Kornreich Wolf, 1990) The unshaded bars indicate cases that used WVR calibration, estimating no residual delay (left-most bar), a constant zenith delay at each site (second from left), or a stochastic residual delay (cases 3 - 8). The shaded bars indicate cases using stochastic estimation with no WVR calibration.
The rms scatter of the GPS points about the best-fit slope is at the 1 cm level, comparable to the precision of VLBI. The aceuraey and repeatability results illustrated in Figures 1 and 2 provide clear evidence of the utility of GPS for monitoring crustal deformation in plate boundary regions. In the following seetions examine the influence of hardware, experiment design, and analysis software in obtaining results of this quality. c .... , 1: 15 Il Illl 5. a Il • 2. 3. 4. 5. B. 7. 10 ppb LJ (5 mm f.
Global Positioning System: An Overview: Symposium No. 102 Edinburgh, Scotland, August 7–8, 1989 by G. Beutler, W. Gurtner, M. Rothacher, U. Wild, E. Frei (auth.), Yehuda Bock, Norman Leppard (eds.)