By Patricia A. Carter
Proposing a entire examine twentieth-century collaborations among woman lecturers and the women's circulate, this quantity highlights the feminist ideologies, thoughts, and rationales pursued through academics looking for greater places of work. Carter chronicles the evolution of rights for woman academics, masking such vital social and monetary themes as suffrage, equivalent pay for equivalent paintings, the appropriate to marry and take maternity leaves, entry to administrative positions, the perfect to foyer and cut price jointly, and the correct to take part in political and social reform pursuits outdoor the place of work. A shiny account of the management roles lecturers performed within the women's circulate, this publication clarifies the significance of feminist ideologies in shaping the techniques and rationales educators used to remodel their career. This e-book is a daring contribution to the background of operating girls.
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Additional resources for Everybody's Paid but the Teacher: The Teaching Profession and the Women's Movement (Reflective History, 7)
The women teachers do the same work, are exempt from no rules or duties, and most of them have fathers, mothers, sisters, or brothers dependent upon them. Why then should women not receive the same salaries? Let us make a strong united effort to bring about a consummation of what is manifestly just. (“Schoolma’ams Want,” 1905, p. ” Approached by the press for his reaction, Cottrell expressed both surprise and anger. ” “Not at all,” responded the equal pay contingent, “we presented our proposition to you last fall and you frowned upon it.
Some African American scholars have adopted the alternative womanist to underscore the idea that for African American women the concepts of race and gender are not separable (Gilkes, 1980). Still other distinctions include protofeminism (Epstein, 1981) and material feminism (Hayden, 1981). That all these terms appear to describe feminism in different times, places, and political and cultural contexts underscores the dynamic nature of the women’s movement. In the early 20th century, domestic feminist ideology dominated the rhetoric of the woman’s club movement.
Others, the sole support of siblings or elderly parents, made heroic efforts to bring in extra money. The NEA survey noted one woman who supported her mother variously through private tutoring, proofreading, cashiering in a dry goods store, operating an excursion tour, waitering, and clerical work in addition to her full-time teaching position. ” In 1913, over 28% of all single women teachers lived apart from their parents. Furthermore, the parents of 1 in 4 female teachers were deceased, twice as many as for male teachers.
Everybody's Paid but the Teacher: The Teaching Profession and the Women's Movement (Reflective History, 7) by Patricia A. Carter