Get Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More PDF

By Andrew Dalby

ISBN-10: 0713678410

ISBN-13: 9780713678413

Overlaying the political, social and ancient heritage of every language, Dictionary of Languages bargains a different perception into human tradition and verbal exchange. each language with legitimate prestige is incorporated, in addition to all those who have a written literature and a hundred seventy five 'minor' languages with particular ancient or anthropological curiosity. We see how, with the swiftly expanding uniformity of our tradition as media's impression spreads, extra languages became extinct or are less than possibility of extinction. The textual content is highlighted through maps and charts of scripts, whereas proverbs, anecdotes and quotations exhibit the beneficial properties that make a language precise.

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Old Aramaic inscriptions, the first direct evidence of the language, are found in all these regions and are dated to the 10th century BC onwards. Classical (or Imperial) Aramaic was the form of the language that was used in the Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian empires and in the period that followed. It was under Persian rule that Aramaic spread most widely. In the last few centuries BC, inscriptions in Aramaic were erected all the way from the Greek-speaking Hellespont to the Prakrit-speaking plains of the lower Indus valley.

7 million, first-language speakers of the eight main dialects of Akan were enumerated separately: Asante or Twi 913,270 Fante 708,470 Brong or Abron 320,240 Akuapem or Akwapim 144,790 Akyem 203,820 Agona 49,080 Kwahu 131,970 Wasa 94,260 Brong (which some consider a separate language) has an additional 75,000 speakers in neighbouring districts of the Ivory Coast. From The languages of Ghana ed. M. A. Kropp Dakubu (London: Kegan Paul, 1988) Numerals in Akan Twi Ä biako Brong Ä eko 3 abieng abiesaÄ Ä enyo esaÄ 4 anang 5 anum asõÄa enaÄ Ä enu ensyõÄ 1 2 6 7 asong Ä enso 8 awotwe 9 akrong moqie Ä enkuno 10 edu edu 11 AKKADIAN EXTINCT LANGUAGE OF IRAQ O ne of the SEMITIC LANGUAGES, Akkadian was once a ruling language in Iraq and Syria.

Malherbe, Les langues de l'humanite (Paris: Laffont, 1995) pp. 1196±200, and other sources 35 ARDHAMAGADHI CLASSICAL LANGUAGE OF INDIA O ne of the INDO-ARYAN LANGUAGES, Ardhamagadhi is the language of the canonical Jain scriptures. It is known in two forms. One, found in the earliest sutras, is roughly contemporary with Pali. The other, dating from around the 6th century AD, may be based on the spoken language of what is now eastern Uttar Pradesh; an almost identical dialect was also used for Buddhist dramas.

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Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More Than 400 Languages by Andrew Dalby

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