By A. Roadnight
This research folks coverage in the direction of Indonesian nationalism concludes that Truman's aid for independence was once in response to his chilly battle priorities and never principled backing for self-determination. It finds how Eisenhower's New glance resulted in a disastrous CIA-backed intervention in 1957-58 and propelled Indonesia in the direction of the Soviet bloc. Exposing the level of Australian effect on US coverage, this account unearths how the private prejudices of Eisenhower and John Foster Dulles undermined the thought of rational policymaking.
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Additional info for United States Policy towards Indonesia in the Truman and Eisenhower Years
94 In March 1946, the State–War–Navy Coordinating Committee (SWNCC) considered America’s role in arming the Dutch and confirmed the established policy of not supplying arms ‘in cases which appear to relate directly to [the NEI]’. However, it recognised that once military equipment had been shipped to The Netherlands it would be ‘extremely difficult’ to prevent it from being transferred to the NEI. Despite US policy against supporting the forcible reimposition of Dutch rule, the SWNCC concluded that it was in the ‘interests of the US’ that the Dutch be rearmed.
On 22 August, Johnson therefore introduced a draft resolution which, based on an earlier Dutch suggestion, was designed to encourage their agreement to UNSC involvement. The resolution provided for the establishment of a Committee of Good Offices (GOC) made up of one representative each appointed by The Netherlands and the Republic and a third nominated by the two parties’ representatives. 46 Andrei Gromyko, the Soviet Delegate, accused the US of attempting to bypass the UN,47 but, despite his objections, the resolution was adopted and the GOC established.
18 The State Department’s aide-mémoire left the clear impression that the US was acting on behalf of the Dutch. The Australian Minister of External Affairs, Herbert Evatt, complained that, as a result of Washington’s demonstrable willingness to put pressure on the Republic, the Dutch could be expected to seek US support whenever a crisis threatened. 19 The Dutch negotiating position certainly seemed to have been strengthened by events as the Republican negotiators, whose position had been weakened by Sjahrir’s resignation, led by new Prime Minister, Amir Sjarifudden, accepted all the Dutch demands, including the creation of a joint gendarmerie.
United States Policy towards Indonesia in the Truman and Eisenhower Years by A. Roadnight