By M. Hakan Yavuz
M. Hakan Yavuz bargains an insightful and wide-ranging research of the Gulen circulation, probably the most ingenious advancements in modern Islam. based in Turkey by way of the Muslim philosopher Fethullah Gulen, the Gulen circulate goals to disseminate a ''moderate'' interpretation of Islam via faith-based schooling. Its actions have essentially altered spiritual and political discourse in Turkey in fresh a long time, and its colleges and different associations were demonstrated all through critical Asia and the Balkans, in addition to western Europe and North the USA. therefore, its objectives and modus operandi have come lower than expanding scrutiny round the world.
Yavuz introduces readers to the circulate, its chief, its philosophies, and its sensible functions. After recounting Gulen's own heritage, he analyzes Gulen's theological outlook, the constitution of the circulate, its academic premise and promise, its monetary constitution, and its contributions (particularly to debates within the Turkish public sphere), its medical outlook, and its function in interfaith discussion. in the direction of an Islamic Enlightenment indicates the various features of the move, arguing that it really is marked by means of an identification paradox: regardless of its great contribution to the advent of a reasonable, peaceable, and smooth Islamic outlook-so varied from the Iranian or Saudi varieties of radical and political Islam-the Gulen circulation is right away liberal and communitarian, frightening either desire and worry in its works and influence.
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Extra resources for Toward an Islamic Enlightenment: The Gülen Movement
Gülen’s own experience of prosecution helped forge a complex and contradictory personality. He is capable of both courage and prudence, the two aspects of his personality which have never been reconciled. As of 2004, his last public interview indicates a person worn down by years of living in a state of anxiety, an anxiety that did not go away even in his exile in the United States. ” The Immigration Department asked the judge to reject the case since: Further, the record contains overwhelming evidence that plaintiff is primarily the leader of a large and influential religious and political movement with immense commercial holdings.
The region was central in the organization of the national movement against the occupation of Anatolia during the War of Independence. Regional Islam, which is marked by Dadaş identity, therefore came to be punctuated by the culture of frontier conditions, which stressed security over other concerns, and identified Russian Orthodoxy (and then Communism) as the “other” of Turko-Islamic identity. 9 Erzurum was returned to the Ottomans with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in 1918. 10 As a result of their historical experience, the people of Erzurum tended also to feel that religion cannot survive if the state is not in a strong position to defend it.
Following the 1980 military coup, the military leadership issued an arrest warrant against Gülen on grounds similar to his arrest during the previous coup. 29 Article 163 of the Penal Code, which was used to prosecute Gülen and other religious conservatives, was later abolished by the reforming Özal government in 1991, on the grounds that it violated freedom of expression and religion. During this period of lying low, Gülen utilized audio cassettes to disseminate his ideas in the form of sermons throughout Turkey.
Toward an Islamic Enlightenment: The Gülen Movement by M. Hakan Yavuz