Get The Shifts in Hizbullah's Ideology: Religious Ideology, PDF

By Joseph Alagha

ISBN-10: 1423785347

ISBN-13: 9781423785347

ISBN-10: 9053569103

ISBN-13: 9789053569108

Because the contemporary warfare in Lebanon confirmed, an figuring out of the Lebanese Shi‘ite militant staff Hizbullah is still an immense section of any try and resolve the issues of the center East. The Shifts in Hizbullah’s Ideology offers an in-depth research of the group’s motivations, monitoring the adjustments it has passed through because Hizbullah’s founding by way of Lebanese Shi‘ite clergy in 1978. Joseph Alagha demonstrates that Hizbullah, pushed at its founding mainly by means of non secular matters, within the latter half the Nineteen Eighties turned a full-fledged social circulation, with a constitution and beliefs aimed toward social switch. extra alterations within the Nineteen Nineties resulted in Hizbullah’s changing into a mainstream political party—but with out surrendering its militarism or willingness to take advantage of violence to boost its ends.            In monitoring those alterations, The Shifts in Hizbullah’s Ideology covers such disparate subject matters as Hizbullah’s perspectives of jihad, suicide and martyrdom, integration, pan-Islamism, anti-Zionism, and the connection with Israel and the USA. it is going to be valuable examining for either students and policymakers.

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Extra resources for The Shifts in Hizbullah's Ideology: Religious Ideology, Political Ideology, and Political Program (Amsterdam University Press - ISIM Dissertations)

Example text

Those affected were even more radicalised than they already were. As a result, a gap has been developing between the Shi‘ites and the PLO. Al-Sadr was active domestically and regionally in his endeavours aiming at putting an end to the Lebanese Civil war. Regionally, he embarked on touring some Arab states, which were either considered key players in the fighting in Lebanon or wielded power on the fighting factions. From this perspective, al-Sadr visited Libya, but disappeared in mysterious circumstances on August 31, 1978.

The conclave resulted in the creation of the post of the secretary general and the election of Shaykh Subhi al-Tufayli as Hizbullah’s first secretary general. On July 28 the Israeli army abducted Shaykh AdbulKarim ‘Ubayd, a leading Hizbullah cadre, from his hometown, Jibshit. On August 9 Hizbullah conducted its eighth “martyrdom operation” when Shaykh As‘ad Birru blew himself in an Israeli convoy across the Marji‘un road killing five soldiers and wounding five others according to Israeli military sources.

Israel attacked the two villages of Kafra and Yatir, an act that was met with forceful resistance from Hizbullah fighters. This inaugurated Hizbullah’s employment of the Katyusha weapon as a deterrent strategy to protect Lebanese civilians from Israeli aggressions. The Lebanese electoral system: The parliamentary elections of 1992 In order to ensure a fairer representation of the sectarian-confessional balance, in 1992 the Lebanese state increased the number of seats in the Lebanese parliament from 108, as stipulated by the Ta‘if, to 128.

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The Shifts in Hizbullah's Ideology: Religious Ideology, Political Ideology, and Political Program (Amsterdam University Press - ISIM Dissertations) by Joseph Alagha

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