By Linda S. Walbridge
This number of essays explores the character of political and spiritual management in Shi'ism. individuals examine numerous severe ancient periods--from medieval to modern--to show the social, political, and theological elements that experience motivated the improvement of Shi'ite management.
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Additional resources for The Most Learned of the Shi a: The Institution of the Marja Taqlid
2, p. 147. 41. , Suppl. 423. 42. Ghulam Hasan Suhrawardi Nurbakhshi, Tarikh-i Baltistan (Mirpur, Azad Kashmir: Virinag Publishers, 1992), p. 180. 43. These are Sa'd' al-Din Hamuwayi (d. 1252-53); Najm' al-Din Daya Razi (d. 1256); ''Ala' al-Dawla Simnani (d. 1336); Mahmud Mazdaqani (d. 1364-65); and 'All Hamadani (d. 1385) (Nurbakhsh, Risalat al-huda, fols. 87a-88b. 44. He refers, in this context, to Ptolemy, Jamasp, and the Muslim polyhistor Nasir al-Din Tusi (d. 1274) in his capacity as a philosopher (Nurbakhsh, Risalat al-huda, fol.
However, the postprophetic and postimamate intellectual orientation used by Nurbakhsh is Sufism rather than any strain of mature Shi'i thought. To set the stage for the appearance of the Mahdi, Nurbakhsh uses commonly accepted hadith reports to describe the social conditions that are required before the figure's purported arrival. 45 He adduces the exact month and year (Ramadan 826/1423) of the appearance of the Mahdi from the numerological values of a verse by Sa"d 'al-Din Humawahyi, which correspond to the date of his own proclamation to die title in Khuttalan.
145; 'Abd al-Wasi' Nizami Bakharzi, Maqamat-i ]ami, ed. Najib Ma'l-i Herawi (Tehran: Nashr-i Nay, 1992), p. 192. 39. Lahiji refers to this encounter in his work Asrar al-shuhud, ed. 'Ali Al-i Dawud (Tehran: Mu'assasa-yi Mutal'at va Tahqiqat-i Farhangi, 1989), pp. 85-87. 40. Shushtari, Majalis, vol. 2, p. 147. 41. , Suppl. 423. 42. Ghulam Hasan Suhrawardi Nurbakhshi, Tarikh-i Baltistan (Mirpur, Azad Kashmir: Virinag Publishers, 1992), p. 180. 43. These are Sa'd' al-Din Hamuwayi (d. 1252-53); Najm' al-Din Daya Razi (d.
The Most Learned of the Shi a: The Institution of the Marja Taqlid by Linda S. Walbridge