By Stephen Hawking
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Extra resources for The future of Quantum Cosmology
7), or, more precisely, to the application of this shift to a particular target in which Woody is especially interested: theories. Regarding theories, Woody situates her work on formats in continuity with Hacking’s seminal Representing and Intervening (1983), with the aim of developing “a parallel conception of theoretical practice [parallel to Hacking’s conception of experimental practices], one engaged with the active construction and manipulation of representational artifacts and shaped by practical concerns and contingent, contextually determined goals”, and one in which it becomes clear that “representing is intervening of a conceptual sort”.
On calibration “of distrust”). In relation to these purposes, Andersen begins with a critical discussion of existing philosophical accounts related to “calibration of trust” in situations of epistemic dependence. Following Hardwig’s analysis, she claims that epistemic dependence includes both a moral and an epistemic component: Scientist A must trust that scientist B is both honest and competent. Then, she emphasizes that prominent analyses (particularly those given by Kitcher and Goldman) of how scientists “calibrate” trust in particular relationships do not distinguish between moral and epistemic components.
Precarious and risky possibilities that only emerged in specific circumstances, and could disappear”, and argues for “[t]he contingency of conceptual understanding generally and scientific understanding specifically”. NOTES 1. , for instance, Rouse, 2002, p. 163); “practical turn” is also sometimes found (see, for example, Pickering, 1995b, p. 43, or David Stern’s paper, “The Practical Turn” (2003), in which “practical turn” and “practice turn” are used interchangeably). 2. The aim of the PratiScienS project is to develop a systematic analysis of the consequences of the practice turn in science studies and to investigate philosophically significant issues about scientific practices.
The future of Quantum Cosmology by Stephen Hawking