By Chrysostomos Pericleous
The Cyprus referendum of 2004 was once a definitive second within the fresh background of Cyprus. The island’s destiny hung within the stability -- in particular the destiny of the debatable Annan Plan, which proposed the construction of a unmarried United Cyprus Republic with constituent states. accredited via the Turkish facet yet rejected by means of Greek Cypriots, the Plan was once now not applied. during this balanced account of a hugely charged interval, Chrysostomos Pericleous bargains an exhaustive remedy of the occasions that culminated within the referendum and during his comparative learn, explains the positions finally taken by means of Greek and Turkish Cypriots. The Cyprus Referendum offers the definitive account of the plan of action taken by means of President Tassos Papadopoulos and his ruling coalition which eventually resulted in the resounding ‘No’ vote at the Annan Plan by means of the Greek Cypriots on the referendum. Pericleous areas the occasions at the island inside of a much wider international context, focusing specially at the re-orientation folks international coverage within the Greece-Turkey-Cyprus triangle. Drawing jointly the entire facts, the writer explores the implications for the island and no matter if the rejection of the referendum will result in a interval of decline for Cyprus except a dramatic switch happens in Greek Cypriot politics. a massive contribution to the learn of Cypriot politics, The Cyprus Referendum offers readers with a deeper perception into the wider political framework in which the UN peace initiative in Cyprus has developed. it's a meticulous learn of a serious second in Cypriot background and the intensity of its study makes the publication precious for an individual attracted to the island -- previous, current and destiny.
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Additional info for The Cyprus Referendum: A Divided Island and the Challenge of the Annan Plan (International Library of Twentieth Centruy History)
During this period, Turkey gradually escalated a series of claims against Greece, accompanied by a tendency to review or even violate internationally binding treaties. Under such conditions, the two countries found themselves on numerous occasions on the brink of war. The Turkish Kemalist state, having already adopted the course of authoritarianism in the interior (consider the military coups of 1971 and 1980), bedevilled Greece, during the 1980s and 1990s particularly, as its main external threat and, at a later stage, as the main instigator of the Kurdish movement.
6 The view that this letter had inflicted a heavy blow on US–Turkish relations and that no similar action should be effected again became a rule in the US policy on Cyprus. The inability of the embargo imposed by Congress (1975–8) to produce any results, or even to endure in time, and its reversal by a President (Carter) who had been elected on a platform that focused on human rights, simply confirms the rule. From the time Turkey entered NATO (1952) until the end of the cold war (1990), its geostrategic position as well as its military power were considered by the State Department and the Pentagon to be of crucial strategic significance for the containment of the Soviet threat and the security of the energy sources in the Middle East.
Along with the ‘Set of Ideas’, Ghali submitted a map (the first map since 1974) that, within the framework of a federal solution, provided for the return of substantial occupied territory and REVIEW OF US FOREIGN POLICY 25 the reinstatement of a considerable number of Greek Cypriot refugees. As has transpired from relevant correspondence between the Greek Prime Minister Constantinos Mitsotakis and the US President George H. W. 9 However, the mobilization of Denktas and the Kemalist power mechanism in Turkey did not allow that initiative to move forward.
The Cyprus Referendum: A Divided Island and the Challenge of the Annan Plan (International Library of Twentieth Centruy History) by Chrysostomos Pericleous