By Mikhāʼīl Mishāqah, Wheeler McIntosh Thackston
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Additional info for Murder, mayhem, pillage and plunder: the history of Lebanon in the 18th and 19th centuries
If the State were to entrust its servant with the governorship of Sayda*," al-Jazzar* said, "I could accomplish this task without costing [the Empire] anything. My first step would be to sever the city of Beirut from the rulership of the Lebanon. " He then asked the qapuji* to petition the Empire for the office of Sayda*, and [the qapuji*] pledged that upon his arrival he would strive to fulfill his request. The necessary papers were written, and after the qapuji's* return to court he did as he had promised, whereupon a decree of governorship was sent.
For their assistance at 'Ayn Data* the House of Abullam' was raised from the status of muqaddam and given the fief of the Matn. 19 Below the emirs in rank came the muqaddams, but the elevation of Abullam' left only one house of Page 7 muqaddams, that of Muzhir, whose holdings were limited to the village of Hammana * in the Matn, and they were not rich or powerful enough to play a major role. Next in rank came the shaykhs, of whom there were Jumblat* in the Shuf*, 'Imad* in the 'Arqub*, and Abu-Nakad* in the Manasif* (Dayr al-Qamar) and the Shahhar* regions.
In 1697 Emir Ahmad*, the last scion of the House of Ma'n, died without issue, and the electors of the seven Druze Page 6 fiefs of the Lebanon (the Shuf *, Manasif*, 'Arqub*, Jurd, Matn, Shahhar* and Gharb) met and chose to the rulership of the mountain Emir Bashir* of the House of Shihab*, son of Emir Husayn* of Rashayya* by Emir Ahmad* Ma'n's sister. No sooner was Emir Bashir* elected than Constantinople sent word that Emir Bashir's* cousin in Hasbayya*, Emir Haydar*, should succeed the Ma'ns, but the pasha of Sayda* objected, and eventually a compromise was worked out whereby Emir Bashir* would stand as regent until the twelve-year-old Emir Haydar* reached his majority.
Murder, mayhem, pillage and plunder: the history of Lebanon in the 18th and 19th centuries by Mikhāʼīl Mishāqah, Wheeler McIntosh Thackston