The Britannica Guide to Political and Social Movements That - download pdf or read online

By Heather M Campbell

ISBN-10: 1615300163

ISBN-13: 9781615300167

Few forces are extra strong than a bunch of individuals united by means of a typical reason. Collective ambitions, referred to as events, were identified to extensively adjust the process human heritage. This e-book strains an array of significant political and social events from their inception to their apex, with considerable part discussions of amazing proponents.

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Extra info for The Britannica Guide to Political and Social Movements That Changed the Modern World

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Among such practices proscribed were the royal prerogative of dispensing with the law in certain cases, the complete suspension of laws without the consent of Parliament, and the levying of taxes and the maintenance of a standing army in peacetime without specific parliamentary authorization. A number of clauses sought to eliminate royal interference in parliamentary matters, stressing that elections must be free and that members must have complete freedom of speech. Certain forms of interference in the course of justice were also proscribed.

Robespierre, “the Incorruptible,” who had sponsored the restrictions, was overthrown in the National Convention on 9 Thermidor, year II (July 27, 1794), and executed the Sansculotte The sansculottes (French: “without knee breeches”) were the more militant supporters of the French Revolution, especially in the years 1792 to 1795. Sansculottes presented themselves as members of the poorer classes or leaders of the common people, but during the Reign of Terror public functionaries and educated men also adopted the label to demonstrate their patriotism.

Latin America In the Western Hemisphere in the 19th century, the Latin American wars for independence were the most dramatic example of the liberal assault against authoritarian rule. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region for three centuries. The rapidity and timing of that dramatic change were the result of a combination of long-building tensions in colonial rule and a series of external events.

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The Britannica Guide to Political and Social Movements That Changed the Modern World by Heather M Campbell

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