By Randall Collins
Publish yr note: First released in 2008
In the preferred false impression fostered via blockbuster motion video clips and best-selling thrillers--not to say traditional causes via social scientists--violence is straightforward lower than yes stipulations, like poverty, racial or ideological hatreds, or kin pathologies. Randall Collins demanding situations this view in Violence, arguing that violent war of words is going opposed to human physiological hardwiring. it's the exception, no longer the rule--regardless of the underlying stipulations or motivations.
Collins supplies a accomplished rationalization of violence and its dynamics, drawing upon video pictures, state-of-the-art forensics, and ethnography to envision violent occasions up shut as they really happen--and his conclusions will shock you. Violence comes neither simply nor immediately. Antagonists are by means of nature annoying and nervous, and their confrontational anxieties post a robust emotional barrier opposed to violence. Collins courses readers into the very actual and tense worlds of human discord--from family abuse and schoolyard bullying to muggings, violent activities, and armed conflicts. He finds how the fog of struggle pervades all violent encounters, proscribing humans as a rule to bluster and bluff, and making violence, whilst it does ensue, mostly incompetent, frequently injuring an individual except its meant objective. Collins exhibits how violence could be prompted simply while pathways round this emotional barrier are awarded. He explains why violence mostly is available in the shape of atrocities opposed to the susceptible, ritualized exhibitions prior to audiences, or clandestine acts of terrorism and murder--and why a small variety of everyone is efficient at violence.
Violence overturns regular perspectives concerning the root explanations of violence and provides suggestions for confronting it sooner or later.
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Submit 12 months word: First released in 2008
In the preferred false impression fostered by means of blockbuster motion video clips and best-selling thrillers--not to say traditional motives by way of social scientists--violence is simple less than convinced stipulations, like poverty, racial or ideological hatreds, or family members pathologies. Randall Collins demanding situations this view in Violence, arguing that violent war of words is going opposed to human physiological hardwiring. it's the exception, now not the rule--regardless of the underlying stipulations or motivations.
Collins provides a entire rationalization of violence and its dynamics, drawing upon video pictures, state of the art forensics, and ethnography to envision violent occasions up shut as they really happen--and his conclusions will shock you. Violence comes neither simply nor instantly. Antagonists are by means of nature annoying and apprehensive, and their confrontational anxieties post a robust emotional barrier opposed to violence. Collins publications readers into the very actual and irritating worlds of human discord--from household abuse and schoolyard bullying to muggings, violent activities, and armed conflicts. He unearths how the fog of warfare pervades all violent encounters, proscribing humans ordinarily to bluster and bluff, and making violence, whilst it does take place, mostly incompetent, usually injuring an individual except its meant objective. Collins exhibits how violence may be caused purely whilst pathways round this emotional barrier are provided. He explains why violence often is available in the shape of atrocities opposed to the susceptible, ritualized exhibitions sooner than audiences, or clandestine acts of terrorism and murder--and why a small variety of everyone is efficient at violence.
Violence overturns commonplace perspectives concerning the root motives of violence and provides options for confronting it sooner or later.
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Additional info for Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory
But in order to focus closely on the micro-dynamics of violence, it is necessary here to bracket the rest. This book is the ﬁrst of a two-volume series. The second expands the frame to what has been left out. Among other things, it considers what we know about institutionalized violence, or rather, that which is repetitive, structured, and thus organized into meso- and macro-organizations that provide a regular ﬂow of resources for specialists in violence. It will Violent Confrontations • 35 consider such topics as war and geopolitics, as well as torture and the many contexts and varieties of rape.
As we know, blows and projectiles often miss their targets; sometimes they are not very much intended to hit; sometimes they hit someone unintentionally. Where do we draw the boundaries? Are threats a form of violence? Clearly they are close enough to it that we have to put them into the model of situational dynamics. And this is so even though there is a good deal of cursing which does not lead to violence. By the same token, we will study the situational dynamics of quar- Violent Confrontations • 25 reling, and of fearful, tense, and hostile emotions generally.
It is true, for example, that much violence is self-help, the escalation of ongoing conﬂicts among persons known to each other, and that the very intimacy of the relationship deters formal intervention by police and legal authorities. But self-help violence still needs to be situationally constructed; it still needs to get past the barrier of confrontational tension and fear. This is not easy; and there is not as much self-help violence as might be expected from the numbers of persons who have motives to help themselves against local antagonists (described, for example, in unpublished research by Robert Emerson, UCLA, on roommate quarrels).
Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory by Randall Collins