By Eric Voegelin
Published in Vienna in 1936, The Authoritarian State by means of Eric Voegelin has remained almost unobtainable and unknown to the general public earlier. revenues of the German version have been halted following the Nazi invasion of Austria in 1938, and the total printing used to be later destroyed by way of wartime bombing. during this quantity, Voegelin deals a severe exam of the main favorite ecu theories of country and constitutional legislations of the interval whereas supplying a political and old research of the Austrian scenario. He discusses the dismissal of Parliament in 1933, the civil struggle, the homicide of Federal Chancellor Dollfuss, the adoption of the "Authoritarian structure" of 1934, and the hindrance of being sandwiched among Hitler and Mussolini.
A radical critique of Hans Kelsen's natural thought of legislation lies on the center of this paintings, marking Voegelin's definitive departure from Neo-Kantian epistemology. For the 1st time, Voegelin elaborates at the vital contrast among theoretical techniques and political symbols as a foundation for explaining the nontheoretical and speculative personality of ideologies, either left and correct. He indicates that total and authoritarian are symbols of ideological self-interpretation that experience no theoretical price, a contrast uncomplicated to his later paintings in The New technological know-how of Politics.
Available for the 1st time in English, The Authoritarian State is a priceless addition to the Voegelin canon and to the sphere of highbrow background in general.
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Additional info for The Authoritarian State: An Essay on the Problem of the Austrian State
4) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8262-1235-2 (alk. paper) 1. Austria—Politics and government—1918-1938. 2. Constitutional history—Austria. 3. Authoritarianism—Austria. I. Hein, Ruth. II. Weiss, Gilbert. III. Weinzerl, Erika, 1925- . IV. Title. V. Series: Voegelin, Eric, 1901- Works. 1989 ; v. 4. V8813 1989 v. 48, 1984. Designer: Albert Crochet Typesetter: Bookcomp, Inc. Printer and binder: Thomson-Shore, Inc. Typeface: Trump Mediaeval Contents Editor's Introduction i Historical Commentary on the Period by Erika Weinzierl io Part I.
Total” and “Authoritarian” as Symbols i . The Elements of Meaning Contained in the Symbols “Total" and "Authoritarian" 57 Part II. The Austrian Constitutional Problem after 1848 The Foundation of Austrian ConstitutionalTheory: Baron Eotvds 109 The Constitutional Situation of 1848-1849 126The Cycles of the Constitutions 139The Founding of the State in 1918-1920 147Part III. The Authoritarian Constitution since 1933 Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law and the Problem ofan Austrian Theory of the State 163 The Constitutional Transition (March 1933 toMay 1934) 213 The Core of the Authoritarian State 249The Authoritarian Chambers 275The Relationship of the Executive to theAgencies of the Federal and Provincial Legislatures 309 Emergency Powers Granted the Administrationand Their Control 332 The Directly Democratic and ConstitutionalMechanisms 357 Bibliography to Part III 363 Appendix: The Changes in the Ideas on Goverment and Constitution in Austria since 1918 367 Index 38i This page intentionally left blank THE AUTHORITARIAN STATE This page intentionally left blank Editor's Introduction This edition of The Authoritarian State presents Eric Voegelin's fourth book to an American public for the first time.
In addition, the victory of the executive branch and the militia over the Republican Defense Corps in the civil war of February 12-15, 1934,54 the immediate ban on the Social Democratic Party and its organizations, and the annulment of all Social Democratic seats on all levels, from the National Council down to the district councils, also prepared the way for a new corporatist-authoritarian constitution. The groundwork for the new constitution was already in place, and Federal Chancellor Dollfuss had on July 19, 1933, charged Otto Ender, former federal chancellor and the head of the government of the province Vorarlberg, with the agendas concerned with constitutional and administrative reform, making him a minister without portfolio.
The Authoritarian State: An Essay on the Problem of the Austrian State by Eric Voegelin