By David Lyons
This quantity collects David Lyons' famous essays on Mill's ethical thought and contains an creation which relates the essays to earlier and next philosophical advancements. just like the author's Forms and boundaries of Utilitarianism (Oxford, 1965), the essays observe analytical the right way to matters in normative ethics. the 1st essay defends a polished model of the beneficiary idea of rights opposed to H.L.A. Hart's vital criticisms. The relevant set of essays develops new interpretations of Mill's ethical thought with the purpose of making a choice on how a ways rights will be integrated in a utilitarian framework. They Mill's research of ethical recommendations provides to house the argumentative strength of rights, and likewise supply an important new analyzing of Mill's thought of liberty. The final essay argues that the promise of Mill's concept of justice can't be fulfilled. Utilitarianism is not able to account for the most important beneficial properties of ethical rights, or maybe for the ethical strength of felony rights whose lifestyles could be justified on utilitarian grounds.
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Extra info for Rights, Welfare, and Mill's Moral Theory
K. : Littlefield, Adams, 1959). Bentham's theory concerns what it is to have a right, not what a right is. , John W. , ed. G. Williams (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1957), chap. 10. 23 24 Rights, Welfare, and Mill's Moral Theory This is unfortunate, since none of the received arguments appears decisive against the beneficiary theory as such. In this essay I shall attempt to show that Hart's objections are weaker than they must at first appear because their force is largely dispelled against but one form of beneficiary theory.
I shall deal with these separately and in some detail. According to the qualified beneficiary theory, then, a person with a right is not one who merely stands to benefit from the performance of 11. , Bentham, Works, 3: 159. 30 Rights, Welfare, and Mill's Moral Theory another's obligation. He is one for whom a good is "assured," or an evil obstructed, by requirements or prohibitions upon others' behavior, in the sense that some other person or persons are required to act or forbear in ways designed or intended to serve, secure, promote, or protect his interests or an interest of his.
Even when individuals do receive benefits that are partly traceable to income tax revenues, it remains extremely unlikely, if not impossible, that we should be able to ascribe anyone's benefits to particular performances of the duty to pay income tax. If harm results or benefits do not accrue because payments are commonly withheld, it is again extremely unlikely, if not impossible, that particular losses could be ascribed to particular breaches. Moreover, no loss will be caused by nonpayment unless breaches are common.
Rights, Welfare, and Mill's Moral Theory by David Lyons