By François Hartog
Les expériences du temps sont multiples. Chaque société entretient un rapport particulier avec le passé, le présent et le futur. En comparant les manières d'articuler ces temporalités, François Hartog met en évidence divers «régimes d'historicité».Ulysse en Phéacie ou les Maori de Fidji ont d'autres varieties de souvenirs que les personnages bibliques. Douze siècles séparent Ulysse des Confessions d'Augustin, qui s'inscrivent dans un régime d'historicité proprement chrétien.Dans l'ancien régime d'historicité, le passé éclaire l'avenir. Après l. a. Révolution de 1789, le temps est accélération et los angeles leçon vient du futur. Se met en position le régime moderne d'historicité. Chateaubriand ne cesse par son écriture de passer de l. a. rive de l'ancien à celle du régime moderne.Dans les deux dernières décennies du XXe siècle, l. a. mémoire est venue au most efficient plan. Le présent aussi. Histoire du présent, Les Lieux de mémoire ont exploré ces mots du temps: commémoration, mémoire, patrimoine, kingdom, identité. Tandis que le temps lui-même devenait, toujours plus, objet de consommation et marchandise.Historien attentif au présent, François Hartog become aware of l. a. montée en puissance d'un présent omniprésent, qu'il nomme «présentisme». Cette expérience contemporaine d'un présent perpétuel, chargé d'une dette tant à l'égard du passé que du futur, signe, peut-être, le passage d'un régime d'historicité à un autre.Serait-on passé insensiblement de l. a. concept d'histoire à celle de mémoire?
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Extra resources for Régimes d'historicité. Présentisme et expériences du temps
10: “Germany will, within six months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, deliver to each Allied or Associated Power all securities, certificates, deeds, or other documents of title held by its nationals and relating to property, rights, or interests situated in the territory of that Allied or Associated Power. . Germany will at any time on demand of any Allied or Associated Power furnish such information as may be required with regard to the property, rights, and interests of German nationals within the territory of such Allied or Associated Power, or with regard to any transactions concerning such property, rights, or interests effected since July 1, 1914” 42 The Economic Consequences of the Peace (b) So far we have been concerned with German property within Allied jurisdiction.
At the crisis of his fortunes the President was a lonely man. Caught up in the toils of the Old World, he stood in great need of sympathy, of moral support, of the enthusiasm of masses. But buried in the Conference, stifled in the hot and poisoned atmosphere of Paris, no echo reached him from the outer world, and no throb of passion, sympathy, or encouragement from his silent constitutents in all countries. He felt that the blaze of popularity which had greeted his arrival in Europe was already dimmed; the Paris Press jeered at him openly; his political opponents at home were taking advantage of his absence to create an atmosphere against him; England was cold, critical, and unresponsive.
Thus, if he threw down the gage publicly he might be defeated. And if he were defeated, would not the final Peace be far worse than if he were to retain his prestige and endeavor to make it as good as the limiting conditions of European politics would allow him? But above all, if he were defeated, would he not lose the League of Nations? And was not this, after all, by far the most important issue for the future happiness of the world? The Treaty would be altered and softened by time. Much in it which now seemed so vital would become trifling, and much which was impracticable would for that very reason never happen.
Régimes d'historicité. Présentisme et expériences du temps by François Hartog