By Lynn Dobson; Andreas Føllesdal
In June 2003, the conference at the way forward for Europe published what may perhaps turn into the structure of the ecu Union. This well timed quantity offers one of many first severe exams of the draft structure from the vantage aspect of political theory.The paintings combines specified institutional research with normative political concept, bringing theoretical research to endure at the urgent problems with institutional layout spoke back - or bypassed - through the draft structure. It addresses a number of topics that play out another way in federal preparations than in unitary political orders:* ecu values, specially the valid function of alleged universal values* liberty and powers - how does the draft structure tackle competing normative preferences?* the ecu curiosity: the noble phrases concerning universal eu pursuits and values are usually muddled or conflated, diverse actors proceeding relatively various things. numerous chapters give a contribution to clarifying the several senses of those phrases.
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Additional resources for Political Theory and the European Constitution (Routledge Ecpr Studies in European Political Science)
The USA also demonstrates that such extensions can be perilous for federal unity. Disagreement between North and South over the rules and consequences of ‘enlargement’ was a major contributor to the outbreak of the Civil War. Is it conceivable as of this moment that the founders of a federal EU will be able to ﬁx deﬁnitively the outer and the inner boundaries of the units that will compose it and come up with a ﬁxed set of rules 14 Philippe C. Schmitter for governing such an extended polity? ’ Distinctive population Each federation is presumed to have its own population that identiﬁes predominantly, if not exclusively, with it.
In the absence of revolution, coup d’état, liberation from foreign occupation, defeat or victory in international war, armed conﬂict between domestic opponents, sustained mobilization of urban populations against the ancien régime and/or impending political collapse, no EU member state has been able to ﬁnd the ‘political opportunity space’ for a major overhaul of their ruling institutions. Many drafts of a potential Euro- Is Euro-federalism a solution or a problem? 21 constitution, all impeccably federalist in form, have been produced, circulated and promoted over the past decades, but none of them have been taken seriously.
In reaction state interests may develop socially, religiously or ethnically inclusive parties who will have an incentive to use without representational modes to combat federal power or even to champion secession. In contrast, institutional features such as the separation of powers, proportional representation, power sharing and bicameralism are more likely to encourage the growth of decentralized ‘bottom-up’ parties, which are also spatially and socially inclusive. Both the United States and Switzerland have developed party systems that approximate to this type.
Political Theory and the European Constitution (Routledge Ecpr Studies in European Political Science) by Lynn Dobson; Andreas Føllesdal