By Gary R. Bunt
The net is an more and more vital resource of knowledge for plenty of humans within the Muslim international. Many Muslims in majority and minority contexts depend upon the net -- together with web pages and e mail -- as a major resource of stories, info and verbal exchange approximately Islam. therefore, a brand new media tradition is rising that is having an important influence on parts of worldwide Muslim realization. Post-September eleventh, this phenomenon has grown extra swiftly than ever.
Gary R. Bunt presents a desirable account of the problems at stake, selecting radical new concepts:
Firstly, the emergence of e-jihad ('Electronic Jihad') originating from assorted Muslim views -- this is often defined in its many types in terms of the several definitions of 'jihad', together with online activism (ranging from selling militaristic actions to hacking, to co-ordinating peaceable protests) and Muslim expression submit 9/11.
Secondly, he discusses non secular authority on the net -- together with the concept that of online fatwas and their impression in assorted settings, and the complexities of conflicting notions of spiritual authority.
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Additional info for Islam in the digital age : e-jihad, online fatwas and cyber Islamic environments
The fact that the page continues to exist on the Alldas archive is also important for the hackers. Other WFD hacks include commentary on contemporary events and links to news resources. 22 The extent to which these might be read by the ‘usual’ readers of the site is open to question. Their ‘shouts’ indicate some awareness of other ‘Muslim’ hackers, for example in giving the names of the GFORCE members, and acknowledging Bosnian hackers: GForce Pakistan (Sniper, heataz, Rsnake, instinct, miller, rave- and amnesiac) Salute!
The Murabitun also promote a form of ‘Islamic finance’, based in part on an electronic e-dinar. There were accusations that al-Qaeda might have utilised this system to transfer funds, although the Murabitun publicly expressed their distaste for bin Laden and his ideology. 01, January 2002, www. html. my. ), Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime and Militancy (California: RAND, 2001), p. 2. They note that they first applied this term in 1993. ’, Comparative Strategy, Vol. 12, No. 2, Spring 1993, pp.
See Bruce Lawrence, Shattering the Myth: Islam beyond Violence (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998), pp. 172–83. Also see Amal Saad-Ghorayeb, Hizbu’llah: Politics and Religion (London and Sterling: Pluto Press, 2002), pp. 121–8. Khalid Duran, ‘Jihadism in Europe’, The Journal of Counterterrorism & Security International, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2000, pp. 12–15. asp? articleid=347&articletype=3, 4 April 2001. html, accessed April 2002. The Murabitun also promote a form of ‘Islamic finance’, based in part on an electronic e-dinar.
Islam in the digital age : e-jihad, online fatwas and cyber Islamic environments by Gary R. Bunt