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By Reynold Humphries

ISBN-10: 0748624554

ISBN-13: 9780748624553

ISBN-10: 074863052X

ISBN-13: 9780748630523

"Are you currently or have you been a member of the Communist Party?" that question was once requested many times throughout the anti-Communist investigations of the home Committee on un-American actions (HUAC) within the early Nineteen Fifties. while ten participants of the movie refused to respond to, they have been blacklisted and fired. ratings of actors, writers, and administrators shared an analogous destiny, labelled as Communists or sympathizers. Hollywood's Blacklists explains why and the way a number of investigations of Hollywood came about. It describes the character and participants of HUAC, the position movies performed in the course of international struggle II and the chilly battle, and the values at stake within the disagreement among the Left and the best that left the previous so resoundingly expelled from Hollywood. Reynold Humphries investigates the causes of assorted avid gamers and the strategies deployed by way of HUAC to gift collaboration and punish dissent.

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Qxp:ANDY Q7 31/7/08 10:07 Page 40 2 The War Years, 1939–1945 When the US declared war on Japan on 8 December 1941 following the attack on Pearl Harbor, Nazi Germany had overrun Europe and been at war with Britain since September 1939. The controversy that raged in America between partisans and adversaries of the country’s participation in the war effort was rendered more complex by the Spanish Civil War, the Nazi–Soviet Pact and attitudes within America to Nazi Germany. If Americans were united from 1941 to 1945, films made in the period 1938–40 showed that anti-Fascism brought together film-makers of very different political opinions.

See Chapter 3. 13. Douglas, smeared later as a Jew and a fellow-traveller, was in fact always an antiCommunist liberal. His wife, Democrat Helen Gehagan Douglas, was Red-baited by Republican Richard Nixon (member of HUAC in 1947) in the climate of Cold War hysteria. 14. Leonard Spigelgass, American Film Institute Seminar, 1971, p. 9. Spigelgass was a member of the SWG from 1947 and Vice-President or Treasurer from 1949 to 1953. In October 1951 he made a speech in his capacity as a member of the Motion Picture Industry Council, set up as Hollywood’s official Red-baiting organisation, in which he thanked HUAC for exposing the Communist menace in Hollywood.

The values that motivated the Left were to lead to their isolation and downfall. qxp:ANDY Q7 31/7/08 10:07 38 Page 38 Hollywood’s Blacklists The fact that the SWG received twice as many votes as the SP at MGM where Mayer and McGuinness ruled the roost is an indication that the anonymity of the ballot can compensate for the enforced anonymity of being a writer under contract and that democracy was being preferred to a defence of privilege. In August the NLRB ruled that the SWG was the sole bargaining representative for the industry’s writers.

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Hollywood's Blacklists by Reynold Humphries

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