By Nick Hopwood
In Haeckel’s Embryos, Nick Hopwood tells this notable tale in complete for the 1st time. He tracks the drawings and the costs opposed to them from their genesis within the 19th century to their carrying on with involvement in innovation today, and from Germany to Britain and the U.S.. Emphasizing the adjustments labored through circulate and copying, interpretation and debate, Hopwood makes use of the case to discover how images be successful and fail, achieve popularity and spark controversy. alongside the best way, he unearths how embryonic improvement was once made a technique that we will see, evaluate, and talk about, and the way copyingusually brushed off as unoriginalcan be artistic, contested, and consequential.
With a wealth of expertly contextualized illustrations, Haeckel’s Embryos recaptures the surprising novelty of images that enthralled schoolchildren and outraged monks, and highlights the notable methods those photos saved on shaping wisdom as they aged.
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Additional info for Haeckel's Embryos: Images, Evolution, and Fraud
60 the Gesellschaft deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte The “diligence and care of exact, calm, and unpreju- (Association of German Nature Researchers and Phy- diced observation”61 yielded thorough microscopical sicians). The radical democrat Oken had founded this descriptions and indispensable figures. peripatetic annual gathering in a spirit of liberal na- “Lifting the veil” on “the puzzles of the develop- tionalism. ”62 Far from it, even us- romatic microscopes to analyze embryos into germ ing lithography.
63 The single physical illustration was a compo- hierarchy and superstition and embracing freedom sition parodying a work esteemed by the Nazarenes, a and science—would yet go. group of Christian Romantic artists Vogt despised (fig. 12). Carl Vogt—Haeckel’s most important model—harked Scientific revolutionaries stressed the connec- back to the mechanistic philosophies of the Enlight- tions, large and small. Reporting on a typhus epidemic enment. Born to radical parents in Giessen, Vogt had among the oppressed Silesian weavers, Dr.
Medical students had learned Since the late eighteenth century, educational about embryos in anatomy and especially physiol- reformers had made their watchword Anschauung, ogy, two fields still represented by a single professor or seeing vividly, for oneself. They did not just show at each university. From the late 1840s, as a society in images to make points clear; they expected students flux generated new approaches to the study of life, actively to experience new knowledge. 15 9 32 uniting teaching and research more moderately ani- The “physics of the animal kingdom” once in- mated the German universities after the wars of liber- cluded vital forces, but in the debates leading to the ation from Napoleonic occupation.
Haeckel's Embryos: Images, Evolution, and Fraud by Nick Hopwood