By S Heinamaa, V Lahteenmaki, P Remes
This assortment represents the 1st old survey targeting the idea of realization. It techniques cognizance via its constitutive facets, comparable to subjectivity, reflexivity, intentionality and selfhood. masking discussions from historic philosophy all of the option to modern debates, the publication enriches present systematic debates via uncovering historic roots of the inspiration of recognition.
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Additional resources for Consciousness: From Perception to Reflection in the History of Philosophy (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind, 4)
Temporal nature of the subject: some see it as a stable, unchanging and selfidentical structure; others argue that it evolves and develops in time. The conceptual field of subjectivity is further complicated by the fact that the concept of subject partially overlaps with three other concepts: agent, person and self. The concept of agent is tied to the concept of activity, and is usually understood and defined as the subject of acts and actions, as opposed to passions and affects. More particularly, the concept is used for the performer of external or publicly observable behavior.
Whereas many of our predecessors acknowledged the possibility that animals may enjoy reflexive mental functions, most have argued that only humans are able to relate and refer to their own mental operations in a deliberate and epistemically pregnant sense. Finally, the question of the deliberate or voluntary aspects of consciousness brings in another crucial issue, that of attention. Again, attention would seem to happen on at least two levels of consciousness: there exists something akin to the phenomenon of selective attention, namely the near-to-automatic ways in which the perceiver forms salient patterns out of sensory givens, and the heightened attention paid deliberatively by the agent.
Conventionally, references to ancient sources follow one or other of the following two abbreviation systems: The Oxford Classical Dictionary or Greek–English Lexicon by Liddell and Scott (any of the editions may be consulted, although the later editions are more complete). It should be noted, however, that within scholarship on ancient philosophy there are some conventions that deviate from both of these systems. Importantly, Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Eudemian Ethics are usually referred to as EN (sometimes also NE) and EE, and his De Anima sometimes as DA (as in Sihvola in this volume) rather than De an.
Consciousness: From Perception to Reflection in the History of Philosophy (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind, 4) by S Heinamaa, V Lahteenmaki, P Remes