By Robert S. P. Beekes
This e-book provides a entire creation to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It starts off with a presentation of the languages of the family members (from English and the opposite Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit via Armenian and Albanian) and a dialogue of the tradition and foundation of the Indo-Europeans, the audio system of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is brought into the character of language swap and the tools of reconstruction of older language levels, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). an entire description is given of the sound adjustments, which makes it attainable to keep on with the beginning of the various Indo-European languages step-by-step. this can be by means of a dialogue of the advance of all of the morphological different types of Proto-Indo-European.
The booklet offers the newest in scholarly insights, just like the laryngeal and glottalic idea, the accentuation, the ablaut styles, and those are systematically built-in into the remedy.
The textual content of this second edition has been corrected and up-to-date by means of Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new routines allow the coed to perform the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.
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Extra resources for Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction (2nd Edition)
Whenever change was noticed, it was called ‘decay’. The third reason is that the notion of analyzing words never occurred to the Greeks, something which was well advanced in India. This fact, together with a lack of insight into how sounds of a language change, led them to propose the most arbitrary ‘etymologies’. A good example of this is the derivation of the Latin word fenestra, ‘opening in a wall, window,’ as feret nos extra, ‘it carries us out (of the house)’, so from fe-n-extra. The meaning which is assumed is, of course, nonsensical, and the supposed contraction of three words (among which ‘us’) into one word, together with the assumed reduction of sounds, is almost without parallel anywhere (words of the ‘Jack-in-the-box’ variety are quite rare).
The language was that of the Slavs around Salonika, thus that of the Bulgarians and the Macedonians. The texts which we possess are copies from later times which reveal the local idiosyncrasies of the districts in which they were composed. It is possible to subdivide the Slavic languages into Eastâ•‚, Westâ•‚ and South Slavic (Mapâ•¯5). â•‡ The Indo-European Family of Languages East Slavic is Russian, which is divided in the so-called Great Russian (another name for Russian itself), Ukrainian (or Little Russian) in the south, and White Russian in the west.
This similarity is so congruent that in itself it is enough to prove that Sanskrit and Latin are related languages, that is to say, that they both derive from a common ancestor. And how do we proceed from here? That is the subject of this book. I shall continually be emphasizing that common sense is the most important tool that comparative linguistics has, next to a thorough knowledge of all the facts and a good general insight into the way languages behave in general. It is impossible to posit rules which can always be counted on to produce correct conclusions: the possibilities in question are much too great.
Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction (2nd Edition) by Robert S. P. Beekes