By Ashis Banerjee
Preface; 1. phone body structure; 2. Water and electrolyte stability; three. Acid-base stability; four. Renal body structure; five. Temperature legislation; 6. Cardiovascular approach; 7. breathing process; eight. Blood; nine. Neurophysiology; 10. Endocrine body structure; eleven. Reproductive approach; 12. Gastro-intestinal body structure; Index
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Extra resources for Clinical physiology : an examination primer
Renal losses: acute tubular necrosis; post-obstructive diuresis; diuretics; renal tubular acidosis. Gastrointestinal losses: malabsorption; secretory diarrhoea. Redistribution into cells. BIBLIOGRAPHY King, L. , Agre, P. Pathophysiology of the aquaporin water channels. Annu. Rev. , 58 (1996), 619–48. 30 Acid–base balance 3 & Introduction Acid–base homeostasis is essential to allow normal tissue and organ system function. Specifically, intracellular enzyme systems require an appropriate pH for maintenance of activity.
Antidiuretic effects of arginine vasopressin Arginine vasopressin increases water reabsorption in the collecting ducts of the kidney. This is achieved by binding to the G-protein-coupled V2 receptor in the 24 cyclase and increases intracellular adenosine-30 -50 - monophosphate (cyclic AMP) levels. Sodium basolateral membrane of the collecting duct cells. This stimulates adenyl Cyclic AMP activates one or more cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases, including protein kinase A, which phosphorylates proteins, alters the cytoskeleton and allows subapical vesicles containing aquaporins to fuse with the apical plasma membrane, increasing water permeability.
The luminal and basolateral aspects of the tubular cell membrane are separated by the tight junction, which is composed primarily of the zona occludens. The plasma ultrafiltrate is modified in the tubules by the following processes: Active transport: Primary active transport: directly coupled to ATP hydrolysis; Secondary active transport (co-transport): sodium with glucose, amino acids or carboxylic acids. Simple diffusion using transcellular (through the basolateral or luminal membrane) or paracellular (across tight junctions and lateral intercellular spaces) routes.
Clinical physiology : an examination primer by Ashis Banerjee