By Angang Hu
This ebook examines the ancient improvement of China's collective presidency and identifies 5 key mechanisms which successfully decrease the asymmetries of information and gear. The mechanisms mentioned are: staff or collective succession, collective department of duties and cooperation, collective studying, collective learn and collective selection making. This paintings offers many proof together with ancient information displaying that the collective presidency of China is a different and prodigious innovation of the Communist get together of China (CPC) and China's socialist political method. We see how China’s political method stands not like the presidential procedure that exists within the usa, which are defined as a method of private accountability of the president. the writer identifies features of the collective presidency and introduces a framework for research. Chapters then discover the levels of old improvement intimately and look at primary positive aspects by way of their old improvement, operational features and evaluate. the ultimate bankruptcy summarizes the political merits of collective presidency, fairly overseas aggressive merits and readers will become aware of that the path to good fortune for contemporary China lies in collective presidency. This booklet will entice someone who needs to find how China’s political method works, to discover its political associations that function along side the CPC and the chinese language country or to find how a collective presidency can paintings successfully.
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Extra info for China’s Collective Presidency
In September 2004, the Fourth Plenary Session of the Sixteenth Central Committee of the CPC agreed that Jiang Zemin should resign as chairman of the Central Military Committee and instead Hu Jintao was appointed to this position. Jiang Zemin thus initiated the whole succession process at the Meeting of the Central Military Committee on September 20. By the time of the Plenary Session to the Sixteenth National Party Congress, the peaceful transition of new top leaders of the party, state, and army had been successfully completed.
However, neither Mao nor Lin took part in drafting the document nor did they communicate directly about this matter. They entrusted the chairing of the committee to Zhou Enlai and Kang Sheng (Angang Hu 2010, p. 518). If Zhou Enlai was absent, Kang Sheng would attend to the daily business of the central government on Zhou Enlai’s behalf. Kang was thus in effect a kind of deputy premier (Wu Faxian 2006, p. 824). In this period, no meetings of the Standing Committee were held, and thus it no longer played a core governing role.
The committee at that time comprised five members, and a dangerous situation of three-versus-two emerged regarding the crucial decision of whether or not to impose martial law in the area of the capital. This event shocked Deng Xiaoping deeply. On June 16 of that year, Deng Xiaoping held discussions with other leaders, including Jiang Zemin. During those talks, Deng said that he had been aware of this potential problem many years ago. Deng stated that it was both unhealthy and dangerous if the fate of a country revolved around one or two individuals.
China’s Collective Presidency by Angang Hu