Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the by Hamid Dabashi PDF

By Hamid Dabashi

ISBN-10: 0887382886

ISBN-13: 9780887382888

ISBN-10: 1560005866

ISBN-13: 9781560005865

From the origins of Muhammad's prophetic flow throughout the improvement of Islam's important branches to the institution of the Umayyad dynasty, the idea that of authority has been important to Islamic civilization. by way of studying the character, association, and transformation of authority through the years, Dabashi conveys either continuities and disruptions inherent within the improvement of a brand new political tradition. it truly is this method, he argues, that debts for the elemental styles of authority in Islam that finally formed, in dialectical interplay with exterior ancient components, the process Islamic civilization.

The e-book starts through interpreting the imperative features of authority in pre-Islamic Arab society. Dabashi describes the imposition of the Muhammadan charismatic circulation on pre-Islamic Arab tradition, tracing the adjustments it brought within the textile of pre-Islamic Arabia. He examines the continuities and adjustments that undefined, targeting the idea that of authority, and the formation of the Sunnite, Shiite, and Karajite branches of Islam as political expressions of deep cultural cleavages. For Dabashi, the formation of those branches used to be the inevitable final result of the conflict among pre-Islamic styles of authority and people of the Muhammadan charismatic move. In flip, they molded either the harmony and the range of the rising Islamic tradition. Authority in Islam explains how this got here to be.

Dabashi employs Weber's inspiration of charismatic authority in describing Muhammad and his mode of authority as either a version and some degree of departure. His goal isn't really to provide serious verification or competition to interpretation of ancient occasions, yet to signify a brand new method of the prevailing literature. The e-book is a vital contribution to political sociology in addition to the research of Islamic tradition and civilization. Sociologists, political scientists, and center japanese experts will locate this research of specific value.

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Under the particular circumstances of a tribal life, in which all expressions of social solidarity are in a state of flux, these two symbols of traditional authority guarantee a measure of continuity and permanence in an otherwise transitory life. The structure of traditional authority in pre-Muhammadan Arabia was expressed nowhere more emphatically and explicitly than in the hostilities between the two clans of Banu Hashim and Banu cAbd Shams. The essence and complicated intricacies of this authority were best crystallized and symbolized in the various manifestations of hostility.

It was also the microcosm of the pre-Islamic Arab culture. There were remarkable similarities between the mechanisms through which the Quraysh aristocracy consolidated its authority in pre-Islamic Arabia and those that Muhammad employed to establish his prophetic mission. When Mecca was growing in religious and commercial significance, its most important urban rival was Hira. Around 580, the Meccan establishment launched a series of attacks, known as the Fijar Wars (al-Baghdadi 1965, 185-211), against Hira and its central Arabian allies.

Traditional Arab Authority 27 What is constant, as Rieff has pointed out, is the permanent order of authority in its interdictory, remissive, and transgressive motifs (1981, 226). The content of these motifs, "what is" and "what is not" to be done, distinguishes one cultural paradigm from another. Perhaps nowhere is the authority of tradition expressed more emphatically than in circumstances involving human life. One of the most remarkable practices in Arab commercial life was the ritual suicide known to Arabs as ftifad.

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Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the Establishment of the Umayyads by Hamid Dabashi

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