By Jasmine Dum-Tragut
Read Online or Download Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library, V. 14) PDF
Best linguistics books
This publication contributes to our becoming realizing of the character and improvement of language learner self-concept. It assesses the suitable literature within the disciplines of psychology and utilized linguistics and describes in-depth, qualitative learn reading the self-concepts of tertiary-level EFL rookies.
Mongolic Phonology and the Qinghai-Gansu Languages
The peripheral Mongolic languages of the Qinghai-Gansu quarter in China comprise
Eastern Yugur (Shira Yugur) and the Shirongol languages. The latter should be subdivided in a Monguor department, together with Mongghul and Mangghuer, and a Baoanic department, including Baoan, Kangjia, and Dongxiang (Santa).
The inner taxonomy of the Qinghai-Gansu languages can be mentioned in a separate section.
The Qinghai-Gansu languages are more and more well-described. They
have additionally been the topic of reports in language touch, generally within the context
of the Amdo or Qinghai-Gansu Sprachbund.
This examine will procedure the phonology of Qinghai-Gansu Mongolic
from a comparative old standpoint. It presents an outline of the phonological advancements of the Qinghai-Gansu languages, evaluating them to the reconstructed ancestral language. even as it's going to examine the
archaic positive factors that may be present in those languages, that allows you to enhance the
reconstructions of person Mongolic lexemes.
The publication ends with a comparative complement of approximately 1350
reconstructed universal Mongolic goods, observed by way of the trendy varieties they're according to and, the place important, arguments for the selected reconstruction.
- Language and Schizophrenia
- System Specification and Design Languages: Best of FDL'02 (The Chdl Series)
- Case, Referentiality and Phrase Structure
- The Force of Language (Language, Discourse, Society)
Extra resources for Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library, V. 14)
G. Ù»ñÓ merj [m7ndz] “near”, ³ñÓ³Ý arjan [cndzcn] “statue”, etc. it follows the voiced uvular fricative [t] in the following words (and their derivations and compounds) ¹»ÕÓ dełj [d7ótsh] “peach”, ¹³ÕÓ dałj [dcótsh] “mint”, ¹»ÕÓ³Ý dełjan [d7ótshcn] “yellowish; canary bird”. In all other words the cluster [tdz] is written ÕÓ łj and pronounced [tdz] eg. in ·»ÕÓ gełj [g7tdz] “gland”. in the word áÓ ōj [ftsh] “snake” and its derivations and compounds. 5. A voiced postalveolar affricate [dŠ] is pronounced as [twh], if: – – it follows a flap [r] [n] in the following words (and their derivations and compounds) ³ñç arj [cntwh] “bear”, Ãñç»É t’rjel [th6ntwh7l] “to wet”, í»ñç verj [v7ntwh] “end”.
The glide itself is spoken weakly. Examples Ñ³Ûñ hayr [hcjn] “father” ë³ÛÉ sayl [scjl] “cart” ·³ÛÉ gayl [gcjl] “wolf ” ³Ûëûñ aysōr [cjsfn] “today” å³Ûù³ñ payk’ar [pcjkhcn] “battle, struggle” Ã»Û t’ey [th7j] “tea” ¼»ÛÃáõÝ Zeyt’un [z7jthun] “Zeyt’un” (place name) ê»Ûñ³Ý Seyran [s7jncn] “Seyran” (personal name) ËáÛ xoy [ófj] “ram” ÜáÛ Noy [Nfj] “Noah” Ð³ÝáÛ Hanoy [hcnfj] “Hanoi” ·áõÛÝ guyn [gujn] “colour” Ñ³×áõÛù hačuyk’ [hctwujkh] “pleasure” ÉáõÛë luys [lujs] “light” ÏáõÛë kuys [kujs] “nun” . e.
The grapheme ¿ ē, however, occurs in the medial and final positions only in a few words: ¹áÕ¿ñáóù dołēroc’k’ “fewer; malaria”, Ù³Ýñ¿ manrē “microbe” and its derivations, ÑÝ¿³µ³Ý hnaēban “palaeontologist” and its derivations, »ñµ¨¿ erbewē “sometime, ever”, áñ¨¿ orewē “any”, áí¨¿ ovewē “anybody”. 2. The Open Mid Back Vowel Phoneme [f], orthographically expressed as á o and û ō a. In the initial position [f] is usually pronounced with a glide as [‚f]. g. áñ¹Ç ordi [‚fnthi] “son”, áñï»Õ orteł [‚fnt7t] “where”; áëÏ» oske [‚fsk7] “golden” etc.
Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian (London Oriental and African Language Library, V. 14) by Jasmine Dum-Tragut