Walter Rüegg's A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, PDF

By Walter Rüegg

ISBN-10: 0521361087

ISBN-13: 9780521361088

This can be the ultimate quantity in a four-part sequence protecting the improvement of the collage in Europe (east and west) from its origins to the current day, concentrating on a couple of significant topics considered from a ecu viewpoint. The originality of the sequence lies in its comparative, interdisciplinary, collaborative and transnational nature. It offers additionally with the content material of what was once taught on the universities, yet its major function is an appreciation of the position and buildings of the colleges as obvious opposed to a backdrop of adjusting stipulations, principles and values. This quantity bargains with the reconstruction and epoch-making enlargement of upper schooling after 1945, which ended in the triumph of recent technological know-how. It lines the improvement of the connection among universities and nationwide states, lecturers and scholars, their objectives and political actions. distinct consciousness is paid to basic alterations within the content material of educating on the universities

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Extra info for A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, Universities since 1945

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These had not, however, replaced the universities, for they were attended by a relatively small 20 21 22 23 24 ¨ ¨ F. Schleiermacher, Gelegentliche Gedanken uber Universitaten im deutschen Sinn: Nebst ¨ einem Anhang uber die neu zu errichtende (Berlin, 1808), 33f. ¨ W. von Humboldt, ‘Uber die innere und außere Organisation der hoheren wis¨ ¨ ¨ Banden, ¨ senschaftlichen Anstalten in Berlin’, in Werke in funf vol. IV: Schriften zur Politik und zum Bildungswesen (ed. A. Flitner and K. Giel) (Darmstadt, 1964), 255–66, quotation 259.

Article 2 of its statutes gave the OECD the task of ‘developing aid in the scientific and technical sphere and furthering research and professional training’ in order to achieve its goals (economic growth, full employment and a rising standard of living). There followed not only a substantial research programme (between 1962 and 196846 ) but also a series of influential regular evaluations of the university and research policies of its member states. More recently, the OECD gained a broader pedagogical influence through PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), which is an internationally standardized assessment that was jointly developed by participating countries and administered to fifteen-year-olds in schools.

Cf. R. K. Merton, On the Shoulders of Giants: A Shandean Postscript (New York, 1965). 12 In their study of the surviving written sources, the social elites, depending increasingly on written forms of commerce and communication, maintained a dialogue with the authorities of traditional learning. In the process they judged opinions not so much by rules or doctrines, but by degree of persuasiveness. The exchange of letters as a dialogue with personal addressees, often written with publication in mind, linked European scholars with one another and with the political elites in a way that transcended confessional and political boundaries.

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A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, Universities since 1945 by Walter Rüegg

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