By Mamadou Dia
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Additional info for A governance approach to civil service reform in Sub-Saharan Africa, Volumes 23-225
A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing October 1993 Second printing January 1996 Technical Papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank's work to the development community with the least possible delay. The typescript of this paper therefore has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formal printed texts, and the World Bank accepts no responsibility for errors. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author(s) and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent.
Retrenchments also included accompanying measures to reduce the political and social cost through redeployment and retraining programs. g. tailoring, so they could find a job in the informal sector; or (b) providing credit for starting a small business. Although popular, these programs have not performed well. Most businesses started under the credit schemes have failed and the retraining programs have not always factored in the absorptive capacity of the local economies. For instance, in Ghana, it was assumed that the economy had a large enough capacity to absorb redundant civil servants based on the fact that some one million Ghanaians expelled from Nigeria in 1983 were easily absorbed after their return.
Attempts made to desegregate them (breaking them up into multiple independent sub-projects) usually resulted in a piecemeal uncoordinated approach. In the same manner, attempts to be comprehensive (collecting many tasks under one managing unit) resulted in unfocused and incoherent activities (the Christmas tree approach) working sometimes at cross-purposes. On the other hand, some of these projects shied away from complications in order to keep project design simple and to keep it within the managerial constraints of the lending instruments at hand.
A governance approach to civil service reform in Sub-Saharan Africa, Volumes 23-225 by Mamadou Dia