By Stephen K. Reed
Study by means of cognitive psychologists and arithmetic educators has frequently been compartmentalized by way of departmental limitations. Word Problems integrates this learn to teach its relevance to the talk at the reform of arithmetic education.
starting with different wisdom constructions that characterize rule studying and conceptual studying, the dialogue proceeds to the appliance of those principles to fixing observe difficulties. this can be via chapters on straight forward, multistep, and algebra difficulties, which learn similarities and changes within the cognitive talents required through scholars because the difficulties turn into extra complicated. the subsequent part, on abstracting, adapting, and representing recommendations, illustrates other ways during which options might be transferred to comparable difficulties. The final part makes a speciality of subject matters emphasised within the NCTM criteria and concludes with a bankruptcy that evaluates the various courses on curriculum reform.
Read or Download Word Problems: Research and Curriculum Reform PDF
Similar reform & policy books
The results of a learn undertaking, this paintings, an try and file on what has really been taking place in our colleges, solutions such questions as: what distinction have schooling reforms made to students' adventure in faculties? and the way has fresh schooling coverage impacted on young ones at the present time?
Over the past 30 years there were various makes an attempt at deliberate academic swap. it truly is greatly authorized that the advantages haven't equalled the fee, and all too usually the location has looked as if it would aggravate. during this ebook, Michael Fullan distils from those reports the main robust classes approximately the way to deal with, and effect, academic switch.
Spirituality, schooling and society: An built-in process argues the price of spirituality in schooling in order to tackle the lived studies and private wisdom of scholars, with the target of constructing a extra holistic, transformative academic technique. This edited quantity has a wide range of viewpoints which all element to the significance of spirituality within the authors' own lives, their groups and society at huge.
- Fabricating Europe: The Formation of an Education Space
- The Peril and Promise of Performance Pay: Making Education Compensation Work
- The Evolution of the American Public High School: From Prep School to Prison to New Partnerships
- How to Prepare for and Respond to a Crisis (2nd Edition)
Additional info for Word Problems: Research and Curriculum Reform
The changes included: • Self-explaining expository text rather than worked-out examples; • Focusing on declarative understanding of concepts (as assessed by question answering) rather than learning a procedural skill (as assessed by problem solving); • Using a different domain (biology instead of physics); • Using a different age group (eighth-graders instead of college students); and most important, • Prompting students for self-explanations rather than relying on spontaneous generation of self-explanations.
1972) could be explained by their British subjects’ personal knowledge about the postal rule and its counterexamples. S. rates were the same for sealed and unsealed letters. A more recent view, however, is more encouraging about our reasoning abilities than the memory retrieval explanation proposed by Griggs and Cox. According to this view, we possess pragmatic reasoning schemas that are general knowledge structures that enable us to reason about a variety of situations that can be interpreted by the schema (Cheng, Holyoak, Nisbett, & Oliver, 1986).
The similarity of the two solutions is represented at the bottom of the table by the convergence schema, in which the concepts are described more generally. The solutions to both problems require breaking up a large force so that weak forces can be simultaneously applied along multiple paths. Gick and Holyoak (1983) discovered that people were likely to form this more general schema if they read and compared two analogous stories before trying to solve the radiation problem. For example, some students read the military story and a story about forming a circle around an oil fire in order to use many small hoses to spray foam on the fire.
Word Problems: Research and Curriculum Reform by Stephen K. Reed