By John F. Jennings
The typical view this present day is that kingdom faculties aren't more than enough, and that whatever has to be performed to cause them to larger. environment educational criteria is a technique to elevate the tutorial achievment of scholars. Jennings offers readers a behind-the-scenes glance at how congress and the administrative department have wrestled with this factor, and experiences the key debates approximately even if there could be testable nationwide criteria for all American faculties.
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Additional info for Why National Standards and Tests? Politics and the Quest for Better Schools
Although Bush's first school reform proposal had not included aid for private schools, America 2000 asked for several hundreds of millions of dollars to encourage states and school districts to offer programs to parents so that they could choose the public or private school they wanted their children to attend. The national organizations representing public education did not object much at first to those proposals because they did not know how serious the administration was about them, for Bush had not previously proposed vouchers or aid to private schools.
As she explained, "Unlike most other modern societies, this nation has never established explicit standards as goals for student achievement; those nations that do have such standards view them as an invaluable means of ensuring both equity and excellence" (p. 153). Ravitch's observations about the importance of what Bush proposed are right to the point, and the failure of Bush to achieve < previous page page_32 next page > < previous page page_33 next page > Page 33 enactment of his school reform legislation should not diminish the significance of this accomplishment.
In the view of the DLC, the Democratic party was having so much difficulty in winning the presidency and was losing ground in other national, state, and local offices because these Washington officials were setting the tone for the party and because that message was not selling among the voters. The national education organizations were not the targets of the same dissatisfaction as were the senior Democratic members of the House and the Senate, but the positions of those organizations were very similar to those of the Democratic leadership in Congress, with whom they had worked for decades to create and expand federal aid to education.
Why National Standards and Tests? Politics and the Quest for Better Schools by John F. Jennings