By Arno Tausch
This ebook relies at the quantitative, multivariate research of the realm Values Survey info from greater than eighty international locations around the world at the political and social values of the world's Muslim groups via overseas comparability.
Global Muslims and likewise the Muslim groups in Western democracies are value-conservative, family-oriented, yet supportive of democracy. This research takes up the belief of 'Asabiyya' ('social cohesion'), inherent in vintage Arab historiography, first defined via Ibn Chaldun (1332 to 1406) in his very important paintings
"Muqaddimah". Is 'modernisation' with out 'spiritual values' attainable ultimately? As a fashion out from the modernisation catch of societies, characterized by means of large-scale social anomaly, the 'active society' of volunteer company paintings is the simplest societal medication by contrast type of price decay, that's so universal in nations like France, Brazil, or such a lot of East important Europe and the previous USSR. An energetic type of non secular or non-religious humanism, which supplies a noble motivation for such actions as volunteer social providers, is a really priceless precondition for social solidarity within the twenty first Century.
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Extra resources for What 1.3 Billion Muslims Really Think: An Answer to a Recent Gallup Study, Based on the World Values Survey
To begin with, the almost 30,000 interviews with representative Muslims in 80 countries are not faring badly with the 50,000 Muslim interview partners, surveyed by Gallup in their in many ways highly controversial survey in 35 countries. The World Values Survey, in addition, neatly portrays the opinions, anxieties and the social situation of the Muslim minorities in western countries, although small sample sizes caution against too rapid conclusions. INGLEHART AND BEYOND Our re-analysis re-iterates the basic optimism inherent in the writings by Inglehart (2003), Inglehart and Baker (2000), and Inglehart and Norris (2003).
This is all the more relevant because the European Commission now officially embraces a policy according to which Islamophobia has no place within the European Union, which is now always understood as a community of values. To develop a statistical “yardstick” of discrimination and exclusion is absolutely important in Europe. The World Values Survey data provide the international public with a unique opportunity to measure the existence of prejudice and discrimination “on the ground”. Without question, Anti-Semitism is the most alarming of the phobias to be observed in Europe.
Further research would be well advised to focus on this relationship, and to work with a Kuznets-style explanation of the development -> inequality -> intolerance trade-off. The next important question in this context is whether or not some countries are performing well at low levels of development, while other nations perform badly at high levels of development. To this end, we calculated residuals to show the positive and negative outlayers. The 10 countries with the most unsatisfactory performance in the development of global tolerance, duly considering their development level, are: • • • • • • • • • • • Republic of Korea Turkey Jordan Bangladesh Nigeria Armenia Algeria Egypt Singapore Greece Bulgaria Among the EU-27 countries, the negative record holders are: • • • • • Greece Bulgaria Lithuania Italy Slovakia The 10 best global performers are: • • • • • • • Peru Sweden Netherlands South Africa Argentina Denmark Dominican Republic Executive Summary and Synopsis of This Study • • • • 37 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Republic of Moldova Iceland Zimbabwe The world maps of the development -> global tolerance trade-off defy a simplistic reasoning.
What 1.3 Billion Muslims Really Think: An Answer to a Recent Gallup Study, Based on the World Values Survey by Arno Tausch