By Ondrej Ditrych
This targeted, old research explores how states have articulated statements approximately terrorism because the Nineteen Thirties and what impression those discourses have had on worldwide politics. Ditrych's research demanding situations tested understandings of terrorism, offering a brand new conceptualization of ways terrorism discourse emerged historically.
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Extra info for Tracing the Discourses of Terrorism: Identity, Genealogy and State
22 It followed the Marseilles attentate (1934), in which its king perished. The event is described in more detail in the chapter Emergence/y (1930). The Council eventually decided to create a Committee of Experts (who, however, represented their governments) that would prepare two conventions (based on a proposal submitted in between the Council meetings by France)23 : one on the prevention and punishment of terrorism, and one on an international criminal court. 26 In the end, these conventions were indeed concluded and signed by a number of parties,27 but they never entered into force.
The action against terrorism, on the other hand, was meant to unite the whole ‘civilized world’, which now, after Marseilles, was in a state of horror. 52 The principle of a cultural ordering of humankind based on the dichotomy of the civilized Self and the barbarian Other can be traced back at least to the ancient Hellas (for more on this, see the chapter Power and Knowledge). In the states’ discourse of terrorism in the 1930s, however, barbarism was redefined in two important ways. First, the Barbarian was no longer identical with the Savage as a being raised and living outside the reach of civilization while threatening to press onto its boundaries.
32 In this context, a number of states chose to adopt sectoral treaties which established as criminal offences various activities associated with terrorism even as the term as such was avoided (cf. Bassiouni 1975; Cassese 2001; Lehto 2003; for a more general discussion of these sectoral treaties cf. Saul 2006a: 130–142; Hafner 2006; or Gioia 2006). 34 The sectoral approach would prevail until the 1990s, when it started – in line with the genealogical conclusions reached in the chapter Enclosure (2000) – to be succeeded by a new universalism.
Tracing the Discourses of Terrorism: Identity, Genealogy and State by Ondrej Ditrych