The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York - download pdf or read online

By Roger P. Roess, Gene Sansone

ISBN-10: 3642304834

ISBN-13: 9783642304835

ISBN-10: 3642304842

ISBN-13: 9783642304842

The Wheels That Drove New York tells the interesting tale of ways a public transportation procedure helped rework a small buying and selling neighborhood at the southern tip of ny island to an international monetary capital that's domestic to greater than 8,000,000 humans. From the earliest days of horse-drawn conveyances to the wonders of 1 of the world's biggest and most productive subways, the tale hyperlinks the constructing historical past of town itself to the expansion and improvement of its public transit method. alongside the way in which, the major function of performed through the inventors, developers, financiers, and executives of the approach are highlighted.

New York begun as a fur buying and selling outpost run via the Dutch West India corporation, validated after the invention and exploration of latest York Harbor and its nice river by means of Henry Hudson. It was once ultimately taken over by way of the British, and the tremendous harbor supplied for a turning out to be middle of alternate. exchange spurred undefined, in the beginning these had to help the delivery undefined, later spreading to varied items for export. whilst DeWitt Clinton equipped the Erie Canal, which associated big apple Harbor to the nice Lakes, long island turned the heart of alternate for all items stepping into and out of the mid-west.

As grew, manhattan turned a multi-millionaire for immigrants looking safe haven in a brand new land of chance. The City's inhabitants persisted to extend. either water and land obstacles, in spite of the fact that, pressured almost the complete inhabitants to dwell south of what's now 14th road. Densities grew dangerously, and taken either ailment and clash to the poorer quarters of the 5 cities. To extend, the town had to triumph over land and water obstacles, basically with a public transportation system.

By the time of the Civil warfare, town was once at a verge of collapse. The horse-drawn public conveyances that had supplied all the public transportation providers because the 1820's had to be changed with anything better and effective. First got here the increased railroads, in the beginning powered by means of steam engines. With the discovery of electrical energy and the electrical traction motor, the elevated's have been electrified, and a trolley method emerged. eventually, in 1904, town opened its first subway. From there, the City's development to northern long island and to the "outer boroughs" of Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx exploded.

The Wheels That Drove New York takes us throughout the modern-day, and discusses the various demanding situations that the transit procedure has needed to face through the years. It additionally lines the conversion of the approach from absolutely inner most operations (through the increased railways) to the absolutely public process that exists this present day, and the issues that this variation has created alongside the way.

Show description

Read or Download The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System PDF

Similar history & philosophy books

New PDF release: A Summary of Scientific Method

A precis of clinical approach is a short description of what makes technology medical. it's written in a right away, transparent kind that's obtainable and informative for scientists and technological know-how scholars. it truly is meant to aid technology lecturers clarify how technological know-how works, highlighting strengths with no ignoring barriers, and to assist scientists articulate the method and criteria in their paintings.

New PDF release: Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical

First released in 1976, it is a quantity of reviews at the difficulties of theory-appraisal within the actual sciences - how and why vital theories are built, replaced and are changed, and by way of what standards we pass judgement on one idea an increase on one other. the amount is brought by means of a vintage paper of Imre Lakatos's, which units out a concept for tackling those difficulties - the technique of clinical examine programmes.

Download e-book for kindle: Science in History, Volume 3: The Natural Sciences in Our by J.D. Bernal

J. D. Bernal's enormous paintings technology in background is the 1st full-scale try to study the connection among technological know-how and society all through historical past, from the perfection of the 1st flint hand ax to the development of the hydrogen bomb. This striking research illustrates the impetus given to and the restrictions put upon discovery and invention through pastoral, agricultural, feudal, capitalist, and socialist structures, and conversely the ways that technological know-how has altered financial, social, and political views and practices.

Download PDF by Graham Farmelo, Reimara Rössler: Der seltsamste Mensch: Das verborgene Leben des

Der seltsamste Mensch ist der mit dem Costa-Buchpreis ausgezeichnete Bericht über Paul Dirac, den berühmten Physiker, der manchmal als der englische Einstein bezeichnet wird. Er conflict einer der führenden Pioniere der großen Revolution in der Wissenschaft des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts: der Quantenmechanik.

Extra info for The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System

Example text

It also included a “lecture hall” in which patriotic displays and shows were presented. It became a popular distraction for New Yorkers. In the 27 years that it survived, the museum sold 42 million tickets. The museum was thought to be a reflection of the complex relationships between the city and its people. Fig. T. 3 The Immigrants and the Rise of Tammany Hall A movement to improve the “slums” was started by Protestant missionaries, and spurred the creation of the Children’s Aid Society. While providing for improved medical care, the movement included Protestant instruction, and was viewed with much suspicion by immigrants.

In Spring of 1863, General Robert E. Lee invaded northward through Virginia. As the Battle of Gettysburg approached, New Yorkers feared that the city could be overrun by the confederate army. On July 11, 1863, New York’s draft lottery commenced. The Conscription Act called for draft lotteries in states that did not meet their enlistment quotas. Despite legal challenges, the lottery took place, and by 6:00 in the evening, 1200 names had been drawn. Unrest over the draft simmered over the next few days, and exploded for three days, that is, July 14–17, 1863.

Should assist the French (who had assisted us) or remain neutral. This was made more difficult, as the English threatened to declare war on us if we supported the French. Adams wanted neutrality; Jefferson wanted to openly support the French Revolution. S. The Continental Army, which had been disbanded after the Revolution, was called back into service. George Washington, not well at the time, was named General, but he insisted that Hamilton be named second-in-command. After Washington died, Hamilton wanted to take lands to the west by force, and advocated invading Mexico.

Download PDF sample

The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System by Roger P. Roess, Gene Sansone

by Edward

Rated 4.76 of 5 – based on 45 votes